Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 168, Issue 1–4, pp 481–487 | Cite as

A study on Aspergillus species in houses of asthmatic patients from Sari City, Iran and a brief review of the health effects of exposure to indoor Aspergillus

  • Mohammad T. Hedayati
  • Sabah Mayahi
  • David W. DenningEmail author


To study the distribution of Aspergillus spp. in outdoor and indoor air of asthmatic patients’ houses, as well as a review on the health effects of exposure to indoor Aspergillus. Open plates containing malt extract agar media were used to isolate fungi from the indoor (n = 360) and outdoor (n = 180) air of 90 asthmatic patients’ houses living in Sari City, Iran. Plates were incubated at room temperature for 7–14 days. Cultured Aspergillus spp. were identified by standard mycological techniques. All culture plates grew fungi, a testament to the ubiquitous nature of fungal exposure. Cladosporium spp. (29.2%), Aspergillus spp. (19.0%), and Penicillium spp. (18.3%) were most common inside the houses while Cladosporium spp. (44.5%), Aspergillus spp. (12.4%), and Alternaria spp. (11.1%) were most common outside the houses. Aspergillus flavus (30.1%) and A. fumigatus (23.1%) are the most commonly isolated species in indoor air. Aspergillus flavus (44.5%) and A. fumigatus (42.6%) were the most prevalent Aspergillus spp. outside. The most colony numbers of Aspergillus were isolated from kitchens (30.4%) and the least from bedrooms (21.1%). Aspergillus flavus was the most prevalent specie in all sampled rooms except in the kitchen where A. fumigatus was the most common. Aspergillus flavus is the most prevalent species among the Aspergillus spp. in the indoor and outdoor of a warm climate area. In these areas, A. flavus can be a major source of allergen in the air. Therefore, minimizing indoor fungal exposure could play an important role in reducing allergic symptoms in susceptible persons.


Asthma Indoor Outdoor Volatile Allergen 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad T. Hedayati
    • 1
  • Sabah Mayahi
    • 1
  • David W. Denning
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Medical Mycology and Parasitology Department, School of MedicineMazandaran University of Medical SciencesSariIran
  2. 2.School of Translational MedicineThe University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre and University Hospital of South ManchesterManchesterUK
  3. 3.Education and Research CentreUniversity Hospital of South ManchesterManchesterUK

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