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Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 164, Issue 1–4, pp 153–171 | Cite as

Seasonal variation in physicochemical properties of coastal waters of Kalpakkam, east coast of India with special emphasis on nutrients

  • K. K. Satpathy
  • A. K. Mohanty
  • U. Natesan
  • M. V. R. Prasad
  • S. K. Sarkar
Article

Abstract

A study pertaining to the seasonal variation in physicochemical properties of the coastal waters was carried out at Kalpakkam coast for a period of 1 year (February 2006 to January 2007). It revealed that the coastal water was significantly influenced by freshwater input during North East (NE) monsoon and post-monsoon periods. Concentration of all the nutrients and dissolved oxygen (DO) was relatively high during the NE monsoon, whereas, salinity and chlorophyll-a (chl-a) were at their minimum level during this period. Phytoplankton production peak was observed in summer during which a typical marine condition prevailed. The present observed values of nitrate, phosphate, silicate, and turbidity are significantly high (five to ten times) compared to that of the pre-Tsunami period from this coast. Relatively low DO and chl-a concentration was noticed during the post-Tsunami period. A notable feature of this study is that though nutrient concentration in the coastal waters during post-Tsunami period has increased significantly, turbidity, the most single dominating factor, was found to adversely affect the phytoplankton production during post-Tsunami period as reflected by relatively low chl-a concentration. Thus, the post-Tsunami period may result in a change in coastal biodiversity pattern concomitant with change in coastal water quality.

Keywords

Coastal waters Physicochemical properties Nutrients Seasonal variations Bay of Bengal East cost of India 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. K. Satpathy
    • 1
  • A. K. Mohanty
    • 1
  • U. Natesan
    • 2
  • M. V. R. Prasad
    • 1
  • S. K. Sarkar
    • 3
  1. 1.Environmental & Industrial Safety SectionIndira Gandhi Center for Atomic ResearchTamil NaduIndia
  2. 2.Center for Environmental StudiesAnna UniversityChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Marine ScienceCalcutta UniversityKolkataIndia

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