Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 162, Issue 1–4, pp 251–263 | Cite as

Essential (Cu) and nonessential (Cd and Pb) metals in ichthyofauna from the coasts of Sinaloa state (SE Gulf of California)

  • J. Ruelas-Inzunza
  • F. Páez-Osuna
  • D. García-Flores


With the aim of giving an overview on concentration and distribution of Cd, Cu, and Pb in fish from the coasts of Sinaloa state (SE Gulf of California), specimens with different feeding habits were collected in five locations. Sampling occurred between June 2003 and March 2004. Metal analyses on fish tissues were made by graphite furnace (Cd, Pb) and flame (Cu) atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Metal concentrations in tissues of carnivorous fish were grouped together and compared with corresponding concentrations in non-carnivorous fish; Cu and Pb levels were significantly (p < 0.05) higher in liver of non-carnivorous species. Though no samples exceeded the maximum level set in international legislation for fish, from the perspective of the public health and considering the legal limits of fishery products for human consumption, Cu concentrations were exceeded (in tissues different from muscle) in four carnivorous and five non-carnivorous species according to the Australian legislation. In the case of Cd, two carnivorous species (Pomadasys leuciscus and Caulolatilus princeps) and one non-carnivorous species (Mugil cephalus), showed concentrations over the maximum level of 2 μg g − 1 dry weight considered in the Mexican legislation. Considering average amounts of fish consumption in Mexico, daily mineral intake (DMI) values for Cu and percentage weekly intake (PWI) of Cd and Pb were estimated; none of the analyzed metals in edible portion of analyzed fish could be detrimental to humans.


Daily mineral intake Fish Gulf of California Percentage weekly intake Sinaloa state Tissue distribution Trace metals 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Ruelas-Inzunza
    • 1
    • 3
  • F. Páez-Osuna
    • 2
  • D. García-Flores
    • 1
  1. 1.Technological Institute of MazatlánSinaloaMexico
  2. 2.Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología/Universidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoSinaloaMexico
  3. 3.SinaloaMexico

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