Advertisement

Presence, distribution, and origins of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sediments from Bahía Blanca estuary, Argentina

  • Andrés H. Arias
  • Alfonso Vazquez-Botello
  • Norma Tombesi
  • Guadalupe Ponce-Vélez
  • Hugo Freije
  • Jorge Marcovecchio
Article

Abstract

This paper is the first comprehensive survey of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in coastal sediments in Bahia Blanca, Argentina, and provides useful information on their levels of concentration, composition, and sources of these pollutants. The total concentrations of PAHs ranged from 15 to 10,260 ng g − 1. The highest contents (mean 3,315 ng g − 1) of total PAHs in marine sediments were found in the inner channels of the estuary, while the lower ones (204 ng g − 1) belong to samples collected far away from contamination sources. The global average recorded in this study (1,500 ng g − 1) indicates that the studied area lies within the referenced category of industrialized coastal zones under chronic pollution. The diagenetic PAH contribution was found to be negligible at all sampled locations; however, the calculation of molecular ratios determined an overimposition of pyrolitic PAHs over the petrogenic input. Further, the use of principal components analysis (PCA) clearly separated ring group compounds and enabled the determination of pyrolitic/combustion PAHs dominancy.

Keywords

PAHs Sediments Bahía Blanca estuary Molecular ratios PCA 

References

  1. Baker, J. E., Eisenreich, S. J., & Eadie, B. J. (1991). Sediment trap fluxes and benthic recycling of organic carbon, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychlorobiphenyl congeners in Lake Superior. Environmental Science & Technology, 18, 838–849.Google Scholar
  2. Baumard, P., Budzinski, H., Michon, Q., Garrigues, T., Burgeot, T., & Bellocq, J. (1998). Origin and bioavailability of PAHs in the Mediterranean Sea from mussel and sediment records. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 47, 77–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Budzinski, H., Jones, I., Bellocq, J., Pie’rard, C., & Garrigues, P. (1997). Evaluation of sediment contamination by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon in the Gironde estuary. Marine Chemistry, 58, 85–97. doi:10.1016/S0304-4203(97)00028-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cantillo, A. Y., Lauenstein, G. G., & O’Conner, T. P. (1997). Mollusc and sediment contaminant levels and trends in south Florida coastal waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 34, 512–552. doi:10.1016/S0025-326X(96)00152-X.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Colombo, J. C., Barreda, A., Bilos, C., Cappelletti, N., Migoya, M. C., Demichelis, S., et al. (2005). Oil spill in the Río de la Plata estuary, Argentina: 1. Biogeochemical assessment of waters, sediments, soils and biota. Environmental Pollution, 134, 277–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Colombo, J. C., Pelletier, E., Brochu, C., Khalil, M., & Cattogio, J. A. (1989). Determination of hydrocarbon sources using n-alkane and polyaromatic hydrocarbon distribution indexes. Case study: Rio de la Plata estuary, Argentina. Environmental Science & Technology, 23, 888–894. doi:10.1021/es00065a019.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Commendatore, M. G., & Esteves, J. L. (2004). Natural and anthropogenic hydrocarbons in sediments from the Chubut River (Patagonia, Argentina). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 48, 910–918. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2003.11.015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Culotta, L., De Stefano, C., Gianguzza, A., Mannino, M. R., & Orecchio, S. (2006). The PAH composition of surface sediments from Stagnone coastal lagoon, Marsala (Italy). Marine Chemistry, 99, 117–127. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2005.05.010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dahle, S., Savinov, V. M., Matishov, G. G., Evenset, A., & Næs, K. (2003). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in bottom sediments of the Kara Sea shelf, Gulf of Ob and Yenisei Bay. The Science of the Total Environment, 306, 57–71. doi:10.1016/S0048-9697(02)00484-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Doong, R., & Lin, Y. (2004). Characterization and distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contaminations in surface sediment and water from Gao-ping River, Taiwan. Water Research, 38, 1733–1744.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fang, G. C., Wu, Y. S., Chen, J. C., Chang, C. N., & Ho, T. T. (2006). Characteristic of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations and source identification for fine and coarse particulates at Taichung Harbor near Taiwan Strait during 2004–2005. The Science of the Total Environment, 366, 729–738.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Freeman, D. J., & Catteli, F. C. R. (1990). Woodburning as a source of atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Environmental Science & Technology, 24, 1581–1585.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Golobocanin, D. D., Skrbic, B. D., & Miljevic, N. R. (2004). Principal component analysis for soil contamination with PAHs. Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory, 72, 219–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Guo, W., He, M., Yang, Z., Lin, C., Quan, X., & Wang, H. (2007). Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in water, suspended particulate matter and sediment from Daliao River watershed. China Chemosphere, 68, 93–104.Google Scholar
  15. Kucklick, J. R., Sivertsen, S. K., Sanders, M., & Scott, G. (1997). Factors influencing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon distributions in South Carolina estuarine sediments. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 213, 13–29. doi:10.1016/S0022-0981(97)00007-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Laflamme, R. E., & Hites, R. A. (1978). The global distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in recent sediments. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 42, 289–303. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(78)90182-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lipiatou, E., & Saliot, A. (1991). Fluxes and transport of anthropogenic and natural polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the western Mediterranean Sea. Marine Chemistry, 32, 51–71. doi:10.1016/0304-4203(91)90025-R.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Macías-Zamora, J. V., Mendoza-Vega, E., & Villaescusa-Celaya, J. A. (2002). PAHs composition of surface marine sediments: A comparison to potential local sources in Todos Santos Bay, B.C., Mexico. Chemosphere, 46, 459–468.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Magi, E., Bianco, R., Ianni, C., & Di Carro, M. (2002). Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the sediments of the Adriatic Sea. Environmental Pollution, 119, 91–98. doi:10.1016/S0269-7491(01)00321-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Margalef, R. (1979). Ecology. Omega Editorial, Barcelona, Spain.Google Scholar
  21. McCready, S., Slee, D. J., Birch, G. F., & Taylor, S. E. (2000). The distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface sediments of Sidney Harbor, Australia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 40, 999–1006. doi:10.1016/S0025-326X(00)00044-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. McVeety, B. D., & Hites, R. A. (1988). Atmospheric deposition of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to water surfaces: A mass balance approach. Atmospheric Environment, 22, 511–536. doi:10.1016/0004-6981(88)90196-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Miles, C. J., & Delfino, J. (1999). Priority pollutant polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Florida sediments. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 63, 226–234. doi:10.1007/s001289900970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Neff, J. M. (1979). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the aquatic environment. London: Applied Science Publishers LTD.Google Scholar
  25. Notar, M., Leskovs, H., & Faganeli, J. (2001). Composition, distribution and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in sediments of the gulf of Trieste, Northern Adriatic Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 42, 36–44. doi:10.1016/S0025-326X(00)00092-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pereira, W. E., Hostettler, F. D., Luoma, S. N., van Geen, A., Fuller, C. C., & Anima, R. J. (1999). Sedimentary record of anthropogenic and biogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in San Francisco Bay, California. Marine Chemistry, 64, 99–113. doi:10.1016/S0304-4203(98)00087-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Pettersen, H., Naf, C., & Broman, D. (1997). Impact of PAHs outlets from an oil refinery on the receiving water area sediment trap fluxes and multivariate statistical analysis. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 34, 85–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Piccolo, M. C., & Perillo, G. M. E. (1990). Physical characteristics of the Bahia Blanca estuary, Argentina. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 31(3), 303–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Ponce-Vélez, G., Botello, A. V., & Díaz-González, G. (2006). Organic and inorganic pollutants in marine sediments from northern and southern continental shelf of the Gulf of Mexico. International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 26. Nos, 1/2(3).Google Scholar
  30. Readman, J. W., Fillmann, G., Tolosa, I., Bartocci, J., Villeneuve, J.-P., Cattini, C., et al. (2002). Petroleum and PAH contamination of the Black Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 44, 48–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Robertson, A. (1998). In: Arctic monitoring, assessment programme (Ed.), AMAP Assessment Report: Arctic Pollution Issues, Oslo, p. 661.Google Scholar
  32. Sanders, M., Sivertsen, S., & Scott, G. (2002). Origin and distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surficial sediments from the Savannah River. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 43, 438–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Savinov, V. M., Savinova, T. N., Matishov, G. G., Dahle, S., & Næs, K. (2003). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and organochlorines (OCs) in bottom sediments of the Guba Pechenga, Barents Sea, Russia. Science of the Total Environment, 306, 39–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Simpson, C. D., Mosi, A. A., Cullen, W. R., & Reimer, K. J. (1996). Composition and Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contamination in surficial marine sediments from Kitimat Harbor, Canada. The Science of the Total Environment, 181, 265–278. doi:10.1016/0048-9697(95)05026-4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Soclo, H. H., Garrigues, P. H., & Ewald, M. (2000). Origin of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Coastal Marine Sediments: Case Studies in Cotonou (Benin) and Aquitaine (France). Areas Mar. Pol. Bullet, 40(5), 387–396. doi:10.1016/S0025-326X(99)00200-3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sprovieri, M., Feo M. L., Prevedello, L., Salvagio Manta, D., Sammartino, S., Tamburrino, S., et al. (2007). Heavy metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychlorinated biphenyls in surface sediments of the Naples harbour (southern Italy). Chemosphere, 67, 998–1009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Stout, S. A., Uhler, A. D., & Emsbo-Mattingly, S. D. (2004). Comparative evaluation of background anthropogenic hydrocarbons in surficial sediments from Nine urban waterways. Environmental Science & Technology, 38, 2987–2994. doi:10.1021/es040327q.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Tam, N. F. Y., Ke, L., Wang, X. H., & Wong, Y. S. (2001). Contamination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface sediments of mangrove swamps. Environmental Pollution, 114, 255–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Tombesi, N. B. (2004). Aplicación de la técnica de microextracción en fase sólida en la determinación de analitos de interés sanitario y ambiental. Ph.D.Thesis. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Bahía Blanca, Argentina.Google Scholar
  40. UNESCO (1982). The determination of petroleum hydrocarbons in sediments. In: Manuals and guides, intergovernmental oceanographic commission. Paris, France 11, pp. 1–35.Google Scholar
  41. Wakeham, S. G., Schaffner, C., & Giger, W. (1980). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in recent lake sediments: I. Compounds having anthropogenic origins. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 44, 403–413. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(80)90040-X.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wang, Z., Fingas, M., Shu, Y. Y., Sigouin, L., Landriaut, M., Lambert, P., et al. (1999). Quantitative characterization of PAHs in burn residue and soot samples and differentiation of pyrogenic PAHs from petrogenic PAHs—the 1994 mobile burn study. Environmental Science & Technology, 33, 3100–3109. doi:10.1021/es990031y.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Witt, G., & Trost, E. (1999). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) in sediment of the Baltic Sea and of the German coastal waters. Chemosphere, 38(7), 1603–1614. doi:10.1016/S0045-6535(98)00387-7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wu, Y., Zhang, J., & Zhu, Z. (2003). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the sediments of the Yalujiang Estuary, North China. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 46, 619–625. doi:10.1016/S0025-326X(03)00035-3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Xu, J., Yu, Y., Wang, P., Guo, W., Dai, S., & Sun, H. (2007). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the surface sediments from Yellow River, China. Chemosphere, 67, 1408–1414. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.10.074.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Yim, U. H., Hong, S. H., Shim, W. J., Oh, J. R., & Chang, M. (2005). Spatio-temporal distribution and characteristics of PAHs in sediments from Masan Bay, Korea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 50, 319–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Yuam, D. X., Yang, D. N., Terry, L., Wade, I., & Qian, Y. R. (2001). Status of persistent organic pollutants in the sediment from several estuaries in China. Environmental Pollution, 114, 101–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Yunker, M. B., Backus, S. M., Graf Pannatier, E., Jeffries, D. S., & Macdonald, R. W. (2002). Sources and Significance of Alkane and PAH Hydrocarbons in Canadian Arctic Rivers. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 55, 1–31. doi:10.1006/ecss.2001.0880.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Yunker, M. B., Macdonald, R. W., Goyettec, D., Paton, D. W., Fowler, B. R., Sullivan, D., et al. (1999). Natural and anthropogenic inputs of hydrocarbons to the Strait of Georgia. The Science of the Total Environment, 225, 181–209. doi:10.1016/S0048-9697(98)00362-3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Yunker, M. B., Macdonald, R. W., Vingarzan, R., Mitchell, R. H., Goyette, D., & Sylvestre, S. (2001). PAHs in the Fraser River basin: A critical appraisal of PAH ratios as indicators of PAH source and composition. Organic Geochemistry, 33(4), 489–515. doi:10.1016/S0146-6380(02)00002-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Zeng, E., Bay, S., Vista, C., Yu, C., & Greenstein, D. (1997). Bioaccumulation and toxicity of polychlorinated biphenyls in sea urchins exposed to contaminated sediments. In S. B. Weisberg, Francisco, & C. D. Hallock (Eds.), Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Annual Report 1996 (pp. 79–89). Westminster, CA: Southern California Coastal Water Research Project.Google Scholar
  52. Zhang, Z. L., Hong, H. S., Zhou, J. L., & Yu, G. (2004). Phase association of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the Minjiang River Estuary, China. Science of the Total Environment, 323, 71–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zhou, J. L., & Maskaoui, K. (2003). Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in water and surface sediments from Daya Bay, China. Environmental Pollution, 121, 269–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrés H. Arias
    • 1
  • Alfonso Vazquez-Botello
    • 2
  • Norma Tombesi
    • 3
  • Guadalupe Ponce-Vélez
    • 2
  • Hugo Freije
    • 3
  • Jorge Marcovecchio
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto Argentino de Oceanografía (IADO)CCT-CONICETBahía BlancaArgentina
  2. 2.Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y LimnologíaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)México D.F.México
  3. 3.Química AmbientalUniversidad Nacional del SurBahía BlancaRep. Argentina

Personalised recommendations