Effect of fertilizer application on soil heavy metal concentration

  • Zahra Atafar
  • Alireza Mesdaghinia
  • Jafar Nouri
  • Mehdi Homaee
  • Masoud Yunesian
  • Mehdi Ahmadimoghaddam
  • Amir Hossein MahviEmail author


A large amount of chemicals is annually applied at the agricultural soils as fertilizers and pesticides. Such applications may result in the increase of heavy metals particularly Cd, Pb, and As. The objective of this study was to investigate the variability of chemical applications on Cd, Pb, and As concentrations of wheat-cultivated soils. Consequently, a study area was designed and was divided into four subareas (A, B, C, and D). The soil sampling was carried out in 40 points of cultivated durum wheat during the 2006–2007 periods. The samples were taken to the laboratory to measure their heavy metal concentration, soil texture, pH, electrical conductivity, cationic exchange capacity, organic matter, and carbonate contents. The result indicated that Cd, Pb, and As concentrations were increased in the cultivated soils due to fertilizer application. Although the statistical analysis indicates that these heavy metals increased significantly (P value < 0.05), the lead and arsenic concentrations were increased dramatically compared to Cd concentration. This can be related to overapplication of fertilizers as well as the pesticides that are used to replant plant pests, herbs, and rats.


Arsenic Cadmium Fertilizers Heavy metal Lead Wheat 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zahra Atafar
    • 1
  • Alireza Mesdaghinia
    • 4
  • Jafar Nouri
    • 4
  • Mehdi Homaee
    • 2
  • Masoud Yunesian
    • 4
  • Mehdi Ahmadimoghaddam
    • 3
    • 4
  • Amir Hossein Mahvi
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Kermanshah University of Medical SciencesKermanshahIran
  2. 2.Department of Soil ScienceTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Health EngineeringAhvaz Jondi Shapour University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran
  4. 4.Department of Environmental Health EngineeringSchool of Public Health Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

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