Evaluation of groundwater resources in a tiny Andrott Island, Union Territory of Lakshadweep, India

  • V. S. Singh
  • D. V. Sarwade
  • N. C. MondalEmail author
  • M. V. Nanadakumar
  • B. Singh


Lakshadweep is a group of 36 coral islands scattered in the Arabian Sea off the western coast of India. On such small tiny islands, groundwater is the only source of fresh water for the islanders. Due to the growing population on these islands, demand for fresh water is also increasing and on the other side the peculiar hydrologic, geologic and geomorphic features restrict the availability of groundwater. Therefore, a proper understanding of the groundwater condition is important in order to meet this increasing demand and also to formulate future development and management strategies. Detailed hydrogeological, geophysical and hydrochemical studies have been carried out to identify potential fresh groundwater resources and quantify vulnerable parts of Andrott Island, Union Territory of Lakshadweep. Systematic collection and analysis of hydrological, geophysical and hydrochemical data reveal that fresh groundwater is only available between 2.5 to 5.0 m depths and provide an early sign of deterioration in groundwater quality in the peripheral parts of eastern and western coasts of this island. It suggests immediate measures for arresting the deterioration in groundwater quality as well as augmentation for restoration of aquifer in some parts of the island.


Coral Island Groundwater resources Seawater intrusion Lakshadweep India 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. S. Singh
    • 1
  • D. V. Sarwade
    • 2
  • N. C. Mondal
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. V. Nanadakumar
    • 1
  • B. Singh
    • 3
  1. 1.National Geophysical Research InstituteCouncil of Scientific and Industrial ResearchHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Central Soil and Materials Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Science & TechnologyNew DelhiIndia

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