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Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 157, Issue 1–4, pp 319–330 | Cite as

Natural Jordanian zeolite: removal of heavy metal ions from water samples using column and batch methods

  • Hutaf M. Baker
  • Adnan M. Massadeh
  • Hammad A. Younes
Article

Abstract

The adsorption behavior of natural Jordanian zeolites with respect to Cd2 + , Cu2 + , Pb2 + , and Zn2 +  was studied in order to consider its application to purity metal finishing drinking and waste water samples under different conditions such as zeolite particle size, ionic strength and initial metal ion concentration. In the present work, a new method was developed to remove the heavy metal by using a glass column as the one that used in column chromatography and to make a comparative between the batch experiment and column experiment by using natural Jordanian zeolite as adsorbent and some heavy metals as adsorbate. The column method was used using different metal ions concentrations ranged from 5 to 20 mg/L with average particle size of zeolite ranged between 90 and 350 μm, and ionic strength ranged from 0.01 to 0.05. Atomic absorption spectrometry was used for analysis of these heavy metal ions, the results obtained in this study indicated that zeolitic tuff is an efficient ion exchanger for removing heavy metals, in particular the fine particle sizes of zeolite at pH 6, whereas, no clear effect of low ionic strength values is noticed on the removal process. Equilibrium modeling of the removal showed that the adsorption of Cd2 + , Cu2 + , Pb2 + , and Zn2 +  were fitted to Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich (DKR). The sorption energy E determined in the DKR equation (9.129, 10.000, 10.541, and 11.180 kJ/mol for Zn2 + , Cu2 + , Cd2 +  and Pb2 +  respectively) which revealed the nature of the ion-exchange mechanism.

Keywords

Heavy metal ions Isotherm models Atomic absorption spectrometry Jordanian zeolite Column Batch 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hutaf M. Baker
    • 1
  • Adnan M. Massadeh
    • 2
  • Hammad A. Younes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceAl al-Bayt UniversityMafraqJordan
  2. 2.Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of PharmacyJordan University of Science and TechnologyIrbidJordan

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