Trace metal levels in fruit juices and carbonated beverages in Nigeria

  • Akan B. Williams
  • Olusegun O. Ayejuyo
  • Adekunle F. Ogunyale


Trace metal levels in selected fruit juices and carbonated beverages purchased in Lagos, Nigeria were determined using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (Unicam model 969) equipped with SOLAAR 32 windows software. Fruit juices analysed were grape, pineapple, apple, orange, lemon juices and their brand names were used. Some carbonated drinks were also evaluated for metal levels. Trace metals investigated were Cr, Cu, Pb, Mn, Ni, Zn, Sn, Fe, Cd and Co. Trace metal contents of fruit juices were found to be more than the metallic contents of carbonated beverages. Pb level in the fruit juices ranged from 0.08 to 0.57 mg/l but was not detected in the carbonated drinks. Concentrations of Pb in lemon juice and Mn in pineapple juice were relatively high. Cd and Co were not detected in the selected juices and beverages. Additionally, Pb, Cu, Cr and Fe were not detected in canned beverages but were present in bottled beverages. However, the metal levels of selected fruit juices and carbonated beverages were within permissible levels except for Mn in pineapple juice and Pb in lemon juice.


Carbonated beverages Fruit juices Nigeria Trace metals 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akan B. Williams
    • 1
  • Olusegun O. Ayejuyo
    • 2
  • Adekunle F. Ogunyale
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryCovenant UniversityOtaNigeria
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of LagosAkokaNigeria
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryLagos State UniversityOjoNigeria

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