Monitoring of pesticide residues in vegetarian diet
Samples (28) of complete vegetarian diet consumed from morning till night i.e. tea, milk, breakfast, lunch, snacks, dinner, sweet dish etc. were collected from homes, hostels and hotels periodically from Hisar and analysed for detecting the residues of organochlorine, synthetic pyrethriod, organophosphate and carbamate insecticides. The estimation was carried out by using multi-residue analytical technique employing gas chromatograph (GC)–electron capture detector and GC–nitrogen phosphorous detector systems equipped with capillary columns. The whole diet sample was macerated in a mixer grinder and a representative sample in duplicate was analyzed for residues keeping the average daily diet of an adult to be 1,300 g. On comparing the data, it was found that actual daily intake (microgram/person/day) of lindane in two and endosulfan in four samples exceeded the acceptable daily intake. Residues of other pesticides in all the diet samples were lower than the acceptable daily intake (ADI) of the respective pesticides. The study concluded that although all the diet samples were found contaminated with one or the other pesticide, the actual daily intake of only a few pesticides was higher than their respective ADI. More extensive study covering other localities of Haryana has been suggested to know the overall scenario of contamination of vegetarian diet.
KeywordsMonitoring Dietary intake Residues Vegetarian diet Acceptable daily intake Actual daily intake
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Agnihotri, N. P. (1999). Pesticide, Safety Evaluation and Monitoring pp. 1–8. New Delhi: All India Coordinated Research Project on Pesticide Residues, Division of agricultural Chemicals, Indian Agricultural Research Institute.Google Scholar
- Anonymous, (1999). Protocol for Diet Samples. New Delhi: All India Coordinated Research Project on Pesticide Residues.Google Scholar
- Kalra, R. L., & Chawla, R. P. (1985). Pesticidal contamination of food in the year 2000 A.D. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy, B 52, 188–204.Google Scholar
- Kaphalia, B. S., Siddiqui, F. S., & Seth, T. D. (1985). Contamination levels in different food items and dietary intake of organochlorine pesticide residues in India. Indian Journal Medical Research, 81, 71–78.Google Scholar
- Kumari, B., & Kathpal, T. S. (1995). Level of contamination of milk with HCH and DDT in Haryana. Indian Journal of Animal Science, 65(5), 576–582.Google Scholar
- Kumari, B., Gulati, R., & Kathpal, T. S. (2003a). Monitoring of pesticidal contamination in honey. The Korean Journal of Apiculture, 18(2), 155–160.Google Scholar
- Leoni, V., Caricchia, A. M., Cremisini, C., Chiavarini, S., Fabiani, L., Morabito, R., Rodolico, S., Vitali, M., & Albaige, J. (1995). Levels of pesticide residues in food: evaluation of data from total diet studies in Italy. International Journal of Environmental and Analytical Chemistry, 58(1–4), 411–422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Madan, V. K., & Kathpal, T. S. (2004). Dietary intake of pesticides in vegetarian diet in Haryana. In P. Dureja, D. B. Saxena, J. Kumar, M. Gopal, S. B. Singh, & R. S. Tanwar (Eds.) Pesticide: Environment and Food safety (pp. 192–197). New Delhi: Society of Pesticide Science India, Indian Agricultural Research Institute.Google Scholar
- Shukla, M. P., Singh, S. P., Nigam, R. C., & Tiwari, D. D. (2002). Monitoring of human diet for organochlorine insecticides residues. Pesticide Research Journal, 14(2), 302–307.Google Scholar
- Swaminathan, M. (1985). Essential of Food and Nutrition’ Vol. II Applied Asp by the Bangalore Printing and Publishing Co. Ltd. Bangalore pp. 23–26.Google Scholar
- Yoshioka, N., Akiyama, Y., Matsuoka, T. (2006). Daily intake of pesticides based on the market basket method in Hyogo prefecture, Japan. In: Book of Abstracts of 11th IUPAC InternationalCongress of Pesticide Chemistry (p 215), Kobe, Japan.Google Scholar