Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 149, Issue 1–4, pp 223–228 | Cite as

Evaluation of trace heavy metal levels of some fish species sold at retail in Kayseri, Turkey

  • Yeliz Yildirim
  • Zafer Gonulalan
  • Ibrahim NarinEmail author
  • Mustafa Soylak


Cd, Ni, Cr, Zn, Cu and Pb concentrations of muscle tissue of 61 fish samples belonging to six fish species (Sparus auratus, Pomatomus saltatrix, Sarda sarda, Engraulis encrasicholus, Sander lucioperca, Scomber scombrus) retailed in Kayseri, Turkey were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry after wet digestion. Cd concentrations of at least 31 fish samples (50.8%) and Pb concentrations of at least six fish samples (9.8%) exceeded the corresponding Turkish permissible limit of 0.05 and 0.2 mg kg−1 respectively whereas Zn concentrations of 11 fish samples (18%) exceeded the Turkish Food Codex limits of 50 mg kg−1 for Zn. Cu concentrations of all fish species analyzed (100%) were below the corresponding Turkish legislations of 20 mg kg−1. No limits were established concerning Ni and Cr concentrations in fish by the Turkish governmental authorities.


Trace elements Fish species Kayseri-Turkey AAS 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Adekunle, I. M., & Akinyemi, M. F. (2004). Lead levels of certain consumer products in Nigeria: A case study of smoked fish foods from Abeokuta. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 42, 1463–1468.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Al-Khashman, O. A. (2007). Determination of metal accumulation in deposited street dusts in Amman, Jordan. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 29, 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anonymous (2002). Turkish Food Codex, Gıda maddelerinde belirli bulaşanların maksimum seviyelerinin belirlenmesi hakkında tebliğ No:2002/63.Google Scholar
  4. Ansari, T. M., Mahboob, S., Hanif, T., Arif, M., & Salam, A. (2005). Dry ashing or wet digestion? A comparative study for estimation of zinc and calcium in freshwater fish samples by atomic absorption spectrometry. Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan, 27, 90–94.Google Scholar
  5. Ashraf, W. (2005). Accumulation of heavy metals in kidney and heart tissues of Epinephelus Microdon fish from the Arabian Gulf. Environmental Monitoring And Assessment, 101, 311–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ati-Hellal, M. El., Hellal, F., Dachraoui, M., & Hedhili, A. (2007). Plackette-Burman designs in the pretreatment of macroalgae for Pb, Cr and Al determination by GF-AAS. Comptes Rendus Chimie, 10, 839–849.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cesur, H. (2007). Selective solid-phase extraction of Cu(II) using freshly precipitated lead diethyldithiocarbamate and its spectrophotometric determination. Chemical Papers, 61, 342–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cevik, U., Damla, N., Koz, B., & Kaya, S. (2007). Radiological characterization around the afsin-elbistan coal-fired power plant in Turkey. Energy & Fuels, 22(1), 428–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dalman, O., Demirak, A., & Balcı, A. (2006). Determination of heavy metals (Cd, Pb) and trace elements (Cu, Zn) in sediments and fish of Southeastern Aegean Sea (Turkey) by atomic absorption spectrometry. Food Chemistry, 95, 157–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Duran, M., Kara, Y., Akyildiz, G. K., & Ozdemir, A. (2007). Antimony and heavy metals accumulation in some macroinvertebrates in the Yesilirmak River (N Turkey) near the Sb-mining area. Bulletin of Environment Contamination and Toxicology, 78, 395–399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. EC Regulation (2005). Commision Regulation (EC) No: 78/2005 of 16 January 2005 amending Regulation EC No: 466/2001 as regards heavy metals. Official Journal of the European Union: Legislation Series, 16(43), 43–45.Google Scholar
  12. Falco, G., Llobet, J. M., Bocio, A., & Domingo, J. L. (2006). Daily intake of arsenic, cadmium, mercury and lead by consumption of edible marine species. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 54, 61–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gulser, F., & Erdogan, E. (2008) The effects of heavy metal pollution on enzyme activities and basal soil respiration of roadside soils. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, In press.Google Scholar
  14. Henry, F., Amara, R., Courcot, L., Lacouture, D., & Bertho, M. L. (2004). Heavy metals in four fish species from the French coast of the Eastern English Channel and Southern Bight of North Sea. Environment International, 30, 675–683.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jayaraju, N., Reddy, B. C. S. R., & Reddy, K. R. (2008). The response of benthic foraminifera to various pollution sources: A study from Nellore Coast, East Coast of India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, In press.Google Scholar
  16. Khansari, F. E., Khansari, M. G., & Abdollahi, M. (2005). Heavy metals content of canned tuna fish. Food Chemistry, 93, 293–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kong, X., Jia, Q., & Zhou, W. (2007). Coupling on-line preconcentration by ion-exchange with microwave plasma torch-atomic emission spectrometry for the determination of cobalt and nickel. Microchemical Journal, 87, 132–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mico, C., Peris, M., Sanchez, J., & Recatala, L. (2006). Heavy metal content of agricultural soils in a Mediterranean semiarid area: The Segura River Valley (Alicante, Spain). Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 4, 363–372.Google Scholar
  19. Narin, I., Soylak, M., & Dogan, M. (1997). Traffic pollution in Nigde-Turkiye: Investigation of trace element contents of soil samples. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 6, 749–752.Google Scholar
  20. Ni, Y., Huang, C., & Kokot, S. (2007). Simultaneous determination of iron and aluminium by differential kinetic spectrophotometric method and chemometrics. Analytica Chimica Acta, 259(2), 209–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sanchez-Mata, M. C., Camara, M., & Diez-Marques, C. (2003). Extending shelf-life and nutritive value of green beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), by controlled atmosphere storage: Micronutrients. Food Chemistry, 80, 317–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Shahtaheri, S. J., Khadem, M., Golbabaei, F., Rahimi-Froushan, A., Ganjali, M. R., & Norouzi, P. (2007). Solid phase extraction for evaluation of occupational exposure to Pb (II) using XAD-4 sorbent prior to atomic absorption spectroscopy. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 13, 137–145.Google Scholar
  23. Shokrollahi, A., Ghaedi, M., Niband, M. S., & Rajabi, H. R. (2007). Selective and sensitive spectrophotometric method for determination of sub-micro-molar amounts of aluminium ion. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 151(2–3), 642–648.Google Scholar
  24. Szentmihalyi, K., & Then, M. (2007). Examination of microelements in medicinal plants of the carpathian basin. Acta Alimentaria, 36, 231–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Turkmen, A., Turkmen, M., Tepe, Y., & Akyurt, I. (2005). Heavy metals in three commertially valuable fish species from İskenderun Bay, Northern East Mediterranean Sea, Turkey. Food Chemistry, 91, 167–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Tuzen, M. (2003). Determination of heavy metals in fish samples of the middle Black Sea (Turkey) by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Food Chemistry, 80, 119–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tuzen, M., & Soylak, M. (2007). Determination of trace metals in canned fish marketed in Turkey. Food Chemistry, 101(4), 1378–1382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Yalcin, M. G., Aydin, O., & Elhatip, H. (2008). Heavy metal contents and the water quality of Karasu Creek in Nigde, Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 137(1–3), 169–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Yetimoglu, E. K., Ercan, O., & Tosyali, K. (2007). Heavy metal contamination in street dusts of Istanbul (Pendik to Levent) E-5 Highway. Annales de Chimie, 97, 227–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yeliz Yildirim
    • 1
  • Zafer Gonulalan
    • 1
  • Ibrahim Narin
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mustafa Soylak
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Food Hygiene and Technology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineErciyes UniversityKayseriTurkey
  2. 2.Faculty of PharmacyErciyes UniversityKayseriTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and ArtErciyes UniversityKayseriTurkey

Personalised recommendations