Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 141, Issue 1–3, pp 297–307 | Cite as

Heavy metal concentrations in water and sediments in Tasik Chini, a freshwater lake, Malaysia

  • Mohammad Ebrahimpour
  • Idris Mushrifah


The purpose of this paper are to determine the concentration of heavy metals namely cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu) and lead (Pb) in water and sediment; and to investigate the effect of sediment pH and sediment organic matter on concentration of cadmium, copper and lead in sediment at oxidation fraction. For this purpose the concentration of heavy metals were measured in water and sediments at 15 sites from Tasik Chini, Peninsular Malaysia. The sequential extraction procedure used in this study was based on defined fractions: exchangeable, acid reduction, oxidation, and residual. The concentration of heavy metals in residual fraction was higher than the other fractions. Among the non-residual fractions, the concentration of heavy metals in organic matter fraction was much higher than other fractions collected from all sampling sites. The pH of the sediment in all sites was acidic. The mean pH ranges from 4.8 to 5.5 with the higher value observed at site 15. Results of organic matter analysis showed that the percentage of organic matter present in sediment samples varies throughout the lake and all sites of sediments were relatively rich in organic matter ranging from 13.0% to 34.2%. The highest mean percentage of organic matter was measured at sampling site 15, with value of 31.78%.


Concentration Heavy metals Individual contamination factor Sediments Sequential extraction Tasik Chini 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and TechnologyNational University of Malaysia (UKM)BangiMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of BirjandBirjandIran

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