Advertisement

Using Baetidae Species as Biological Indicators of Environmental Degradation in a Brazilian River Basin

  • Daniel Forsin Buss
  • Frederico Falcão Salles
Article

Abstract

The Ephemeroptera family Baetidae is one of the most specious families in the Neotropical region and a great effort to improve the taxonomy of this group has been made over the last 10 years in South America. Such studies now enable the development of biomonitoring tools at species-level in the region. A total of 2,199 baetids were collected from seven sampling sites, collected three times (autumn, winter and summer), representing an environmental gradient, draining an area of Atlantic Forest remnants. We describe the mesohabitat of nine Baetidae species and evaluate their responses to environmental degradation and water chemistry by means of biological measures (richness and abundance) and multivariate analysis (Canonical Correspondence Analysis), in order to assess their potential capacity as indicators of these impacts. Most species were found predominantly associated with stony substrates, but some were associated with pool litter, and one species was found predominantly in riffle litter substrate. Species distribution was influenced by the environmental gradient. Based on the CCA ordination, we were able to identify which species were found in pristine versus the most impaired areas, therefore enabling us to establish the sensitivity of each species.

Keywords

Baetidae Bioassessment Bioindicator Brazil Ephemeroptera 

References

  1. Armitage, P. D., Moss, D., Wright, J. F., & Furse, M. T. (1983). The performance of a new biological water quality score system based on macro-invertebrates over a wide range of unpolluted running-water sites. Water Research, 17, 333–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baptista, D. F., Buss, D. F., Dias, L. G., Nessimian, J. L., Da Silva, E. R., De Moraes Neto, A. H. A., et al. (2006). Functional feeding groups of Brazilian Ephemeroptera nymphs: Ultrastructure of mouthparts. Annales de LimnologieInternatinal Journal of Limnology, 42(2), 87–96.Google Scholar
  3. Barbour, M. T., Gerritsen, J., Snyder, B. D., & Stribling, J. B. (1999). Rapid bioassessment protocols for use in streams and wadeable rivers: Periphyton, benthic macroinvertebrates, and fish (2nd edn.). Washington: EPA 841-B-99-002. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – Office of Water.Google Scholar
  4. Buss, D. F. (2001). Utilizando macroinvertebrados no desenvolvimento de um procedimento integrado de avaliação da qualidade da água de rios. MS Dissertation. PPGE-UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro. ix + 132p.Google Scholar
  5. Buss, D. F., Baptista, D. F., Silveira, M. P., Nessimian, J. L., & Dorvillé, L. F. M. (2002). Influence of water chemistry and environmental degradation on macroinvertebrate assemblages in a river basin in south-east Brazil. Hydrobiologia, 481, 125–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Buss, D. F., Baptista, D. F., Nessimian, J. L., & Egler, M. (2004). Substrate specificity, environmental degradation and disturbance structuring macroinvertebrate assemblages in neotropical streams. Hydrobiologia, 518, 179–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Callisto, M., Esteves, F. A., Gonçalves, J. F. Jr., & Fonseca, J. J. L. (1998). Benthic macro-invertebrates as indicators of ecological fragility of small rivers (‘igarapés’) in a bauxite mining region of Brazilian Amazonia. Amazoniana, 15(1), 1–9.Google Scholar
  8. Domínguez, E., Hubbard, M. D., Pescador, M. L., & Molineri, C. (2001). Capítulo 1: Ephemeroptera. In H. R. Fernández & E. Domínguez (Eds.), Guia para la determinación de los artrópodos bentónicos sudamericanos (pp. 17–53). Tucumán: Serie: Investigaciones de la UNT.Google Scholar
  9. Francischetti, C. N., Salles, F. F., Lugo-Ortiz, C. R., & Da-Silva, E. R. (2003). First report of Americabaetis Kluge (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae) from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Entomotropica, 18, 69–71.Google Scholar
  10. Francischetti, C. N., Salles, F. F., Da-Silva, E. R., & Nessimian, J. L. (2004). A Efemeropterofauna (Insecta: Ephemeroptera) do trecho ritral inferior do Rio Campo Belo, Itatiaia, RJ: composição e mesodistribuição. Lundiana, 5(1), 33–39.Google Scholar
  11. Hilsenhoff, W. L. (1988). Rapid field assessment of organic pollution with a family-level biotic index. Journal of North American Benthological Society, 7(1), 65–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lugo-Ortiz, C. R. & McCafferty, W. P. (1995). Three distinctive new genera of Baetidae (Insecta, Ephemeroptera) from South America. Annales de Limnologie, 31, 233–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lugo-Ortiz, C. R. & McCafferty, W. P. (1996a). Aturbina georgei gen et sp-n. A small minnow mayfly (Ephemeroptera, Baetidae) without turbinate eyes. Aquatic Insects, 18, 175–183.Google Scholar
  14. Lugo-Ortiz, C. R. & McCafferty, W. P. (1996b). The genus Paracloeodes (Insecta, Ephemeroptera, Baetidae) and its presence in South America. Annales Limnologie, 32, 161–169.Google Scholar
  15. Lugo-Ortiz, C. R. & McCafferty, W. P. (1996c). Taxonomy of the Neotropical genus Americabaetis, new status (Insecta: Ephemeroptera: Baetidae). Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 31, 156–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lugo-Ortiz, C. R. & McCafferty, W. P. (1997). First report and new species of the genus Apobaetis (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae) from South America. Aquatic Insects, 19, 243–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lugo-Ortiz, C. R. & McCafferty, W. P. (1998). Five new genera of Baetidae (Insecta: Ephemeroptera) from South America. Annales de Limnologie, 34, 57–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lugo-Ortiz, C. R., Salles, F. F., & Furieri, K. S. (2002). First records of small minnow mayflies (Ephemeroptera; Baetidae) from the State of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Lundiana, 3, 79–80.Google Scholar
  19. Manly, B. F. J. (1986). Multivariate statistical methods: A primer. London: Chapman & Hall (pp. 159).Google Scholar
  20. McCafferty, W. P. & Lugo-Ortiz, C. R. (1995). Cloeodes hydation, n. sp. (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae): An extraordinary, drought tolerant mayfly from Brazil. Entomology Newsletter, 106, 29–35.Google Scholar
  21. Moulton, T. P., Souza, M. L., Silveira, R. M. L., & Krsulovic, F. A. M. (2004). Effects of ephemeropterans and shrimps on periphyton and sediments in a coastal stream (Atlantic forest, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 23(4), 868–881.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Nolte, U., Tietbohl, R. S., & McCafferty, W. P. (1996). A mayfly from tropical Brazil capable of tolerating short-term dehydration. Journal of North American Benthological Society, 15, 87–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Petersen, R. C. Jr. (1992). The RCE: A Riparian, Channel, and Environmental inventory for small streams in the agricultural landscape. Freshwater Biology, 27, 295–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Resh, V. H. (1995). Freshwater benthic macroinvertebrates and rapid assessment procedures for water quality monitoring in developing and newly industrialized countries. In W. S. Davis & T. P. Simon (Eds.), Biological assessment and criteria: Tools for water resources planning and decision making (pp 167–177). Boca Raton: Lewis.Google Scholar
  25. Rosenberg, D. M. & Resh V. H. (1993). Freshwater biomonitoring and benthic macroinvertebrates. London: Chapman & Hall (pp. 461).Google Scholar
  26. Salles, F. F. & Batista, J. D. (2004). The presence of Varipes Lugo-Ortiz and McCafferty (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae) in Brazil, with the description of a new species. Zootaxa, 456, 1–6.Google Scholar
  27. Salles, F. F., Batista, J. D., & Cabette, H. R. S. (2004). Baetidae (Insecta: Ephemeroptera) de Nova Xavantina, Mato Grosso, Brasil: Novos registros e descrição de uma nova espécie de Cloeodes Traver. Biota Neotropica, 4(2), 1–8.Google Scholar
  28. Salles, F. F., Da-Silva, E. R., & Lugo-Ortiz, C. R. (2003). Descrição da ninfa e redescrição dos adultos de Callibaetis radiatus Navas (Insecta: Ephemeroptera: Baetidae). Lundiana, 4, 13–18.Google Scholar
  29. Salles, F. F., Da-Silva, E. R., Serrao, J. E., & Francischetti, C. N. (2004). Baetidae (Ephemeroptera) from Southeastern Brazil: New records and key to nymph genera. Neotropical Entomology, 33(6), 725–735CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Salles, F. F. & Dias, L. G. (2004). Description of the adults of Camelobaetidius billi (Ephemeroptera, Baetidae). Iheringia Série Zoológica, 94(3), 269–270.Google Scholar
  31. Salles, F. F. & Francischetti C. N. (2004). Cryptonympha dasilvai sp. nov. (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae) do Brasil. Neotropical Entomology, 33, 213–216.Google Scholar
  32. Salles, F. F., Francischetti C. N., Roque F. O., Pepinelli, M., & Strixino, S. T. (2003). Levantamento preliminar dos gêneros e espécies de Baetidae (Insecta: Ephemeroptera) do Estado de São Paulo, com ênfase em coletas realizadas em córregos florestados de baixa ordem. Biota Neotrópica, 3, 1–7.Google Scholar
  33. Salles, F. F. & Lugo-Ortiz, C. R. (2002a). A distinctive new species of Apobaetis (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae) from Mato Grosso and Minas Gerais, Brazil. Zootaxa, 35, 1–6.Google Scholar
  34. Salles, F. F. & Lugo-Ortiz, C. R. (2002b). Primeiro registro do gênero Harpagobaetis Mol (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae) para o Brasil. Lundiana, 3, 155.Google Scholar
  35. Salles, F. F. & Lugo-Ortiz, C. R. (2003a). Um novo gênero e espécie de Baetidae (Ephemeroptera) do Estado de Minas Gerais, sudeste do Brasil. Iheringia Série Zoológica, 93(2), 201–206.Google Scholar
  36. Salles, F. F. & Lugo-Ortiz, C. R. (2003b). Nova espécie de Cloeodes Traver (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae) do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Neotropical Entomology, 32, 449–452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Salles, F. F., Lugo-Ortiz C. R., & Da-Silva, E. R. (2004). Descrição da fêmea adulta de Americabaetis titthion (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae). Acta Zoologica Mexicana (Nueva Serie), 20(1), 23–26.Google Scholar
  38. Salles, F. F., Lugo-Ortiz C. R., Da-Silva, E. R., & Francischetti, C. N. (2003). Novo gênero e espécie de Baetidae (Insecta, Ephemeroptera) do Brasil. Arquivos do Museu Nacional, 61, 23–30.Google Scholar
  39. Silveira, M. P., Buss, D. F., Nessimian, J. L., Egler, M., & Baptista, D. F. (2005). Application of biological measures for stream integrity assessment in South-East Brazil. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 101, 117–128.Google Scholar
  40. Sokal, R. R. & Rohlf, F. J. (1995). Biometry (887 pp). New York: Freeman.Google Scholar
  41. Traver, J. R. & Edmunds, G. F. Jr. (1968). A revision of the Baetidae with spatulate-clawed nymphs (Ephemeroptera). Pacific Insects, 10, 629–677.Google Scholar
  42. Waltz, R. D. & McCafferty, W. P. (1987). Revision of the genus Cloeodes Traver (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 80, 191–207.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Forsin Buss
    • 1
  • Frederico Falcão Salles
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratório de Avaliação e Promoção da Saúde Ambiental, Departamento de BiologiaIOC, FIOCRUZRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Ciências da Saúde, Biologia e Agrárias, Centro Universitário Norte do Espirito SantoUniversidade Federal do Espirito SantoBairro UniversitárioBrazil

Personalised recommendations