Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 129, Issue 1–3, pp 349–357 | Cite as

Pesticide Residues in Bovine Milk from a Predominantly Agricultural State of Haryana, India

  • H. R. Sharma
  • A. Kaushik
  • C. P. KaushikEmail author


One hundred forty seven samples of bovine milk were collected from 14 districts of Haryana, India during December 1998–February 1999 and analysed for the presence of organochlorine pesticide (OCPs) residues. ∑HCH, ∑DDT, ∑endosulfan and aldrin were detected in 100%, 97%, 43% and 12% samples and with mean values of 0.0292, 0.0367, 0.0022 and 0.0036 μg/ml, respectively. Eight percent samples exceeded the maximum residue limit (MRL) of 0.10 mg/kg as recommended by WHO for ∑HCH, 4% samples of 0.05 mg/kg for α-HCH, 5% samples of 0.01 mg/kg for γ-HCH, 26% samples of 0.02 mg/kg for β-HCH as recommended by PFAA and 24% samples of 0.05 mg/kg as recommended by FAO for ∑DDT. Concentrations of β-HCH and p,p′-DDE were more as compared to other isomers and metabolites of HCH and DDT.


pesticides residues milk persistent 


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© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science and EngineeringGuru Jambheshwar University of Science & TechnologyHaryanaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Environmental HealthUniversity of GondarGondarEthiopia

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