Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 126, Issue 1–3, pp 105–115 | Cite as

Mercury Contamination of Biota from Acadia National Park, Maine: A Review

  • Michael S. BankEmail author
  • John R. Burgess
  • David C. Evers
  • Cynthia S. Loftin
Original Article


We reviewed literature reporting both total and methylmercury from biota from Acadia National Park, Maine, USA. Our review of existing data indicates that 1) mercury contamination is widespread throughout the Park’s various aquatic ecosystems; 2) mercury pollution likely represents a moderate to high risk to biota inhabiting the Park; and 3) biota at all trophic levels possess elevated concentrations of both total and methylmercury. Watershed fire history and the resulting post-fire forest succession patterns are an important landscape attribute governing mercury cycling at Acadia National Park. Therefore, park service personnel should consider these factors when planning and implementing Hg biomonitoring efforts. Additional baseline funding from the National Park Service for Hg research and biomonitoring will likely be required in order to further evaluate the spatial and temporal patterns of mercury contamination in the park’s biota.


Acadia National Park biota contaminants literature review mercury 


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We are grateful to T. Haines for providing guidance with study design and help with analyses. B. Connery, D. Manski, B. Gawley, and B. Breen from ANP provided logistical, operational, and administrative support. J. Crocker, H. Moore, and D. Demers assisted with field sampling. C. Devoy conducted and supervised lab work for all amphibian samples. Work was funded by the United States Geological Survey – Biological Resources Division, Eastern National Parks and Monuments Association, Declining Amphibian Population Task Force, University of Maine, Maine Department of Environmental Protection, Friends of Acadia National Park, National Park Service, and BioDiversity Research Institute. We are grateful to the anonymous reviewers who reviewed this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael S. Bank
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • John R. Burgess
    • 1
  • David C. Evers
    • 3
  • Cynthia S. Loftin
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of MaineOronoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Environmental HealthHarvard School of Public HealthBostonUSA
  3. 3.BioDiversity Research InstituteGorhamUSA
  4. 4.U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Maine Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research UnitUniversity of MaineOronoUSA

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