Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 128, Issue 1–3, pp 343–349 | Cite as

Determination of Henry’s Law Constant of Formaldehyde as a Function of Temperature: Application to Air–Water Exchange in Tahtali Lake in Izmir, Turkey

Original Article

Abstract

The Henry’s law constant (H) is an important parameter in predicting the transport, behavior and fate of organic compounds in environment. H is also required to model the air–water exchange of chemicals. Henry’s law constant of formaldehyde (HCHO) was determined at six temperatures (50, 40, 30, 20, 10, and 5°C) using a bubble-column technique. The apparent Henrys law constant (H*) values were strongly correlated to inverse of temperature (1/T, K) and the following relationship was obtained:
$$\ln \;H^{{\text{*}}} = {\left( {{{\text{ - 1,641}}{\text{.3}}} \mathord{\left/ {\vphantom {{{\text{ - 1,641}}{\text{.3}}} T}} \right. \kern-\nulldelimiterspace} T} \right)} - 3.089$$
Seven concurrent ambient air and aqueous samples were also collected between October 11–17, 2005 at a sampling site located on the shoreline of Tahtali dam Lake in Izmir, Turkey to determine the magnitude and direction (deposition or gas-out) of HCHO flux. In all cases, the modeled gas-phase flux was positive (average ± SD, 3,181 ± 408 μg m−2 day−1) indicating that atmospheric HCHO deposited to the Tahtali Lake.

Keywords

air–water exchange formaldehyde gas stripping technique Henry’s law constant 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bamford, H. A., Poster, D. L., & Baker, J. E. (1999). Temperature dependence of Henry’s law constants of thirteen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons between 4 degrees C and 31 degrees C. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 18, 1905–1912.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bamford, H. A., Poster, D. L., & Baker, J. E. (2000). Henry’s law constants of polychlorinated biphenyl congeners and their variation with temperature. Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, 45, 1069–1074.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Betterton, E. A., & Hoffman, M. R. (1988). Henry’s law constant of some environmentally important aldehydes. Environmental Science & Technology, 22, 1415–1418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Blair, E. W., & Ledbury, W. J. (1925). Partial formaldehyde vapor pressures of aqueous solutions of formaldehyde. Journal of the Chemical Society, 127, 33–37.Google Scholar
  5. Cetin, B., & Odabasi, M. (2005). Measurement of Henry’s law constants of seven polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) as a function of temperature. Atmospheric Environment, 39, 5273–5280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dong, S., & Dasgupta, P. K. (1986). Solubility of gaseous formaldehyde in liquid water and generation of trace standard gaseous formaldehyde. Environmental Science & Technology, 20, 637–640.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Economou, C., & Mihalopoulos, N. (2002). Formaldehyde in the rainwater in the eastern Mediterranean: occurrence, deposition and contribution to organic carbon budget. Atmospheric Environment, 36, 1337–1347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Finlayson-Pitts B. J., & Pitts, J. N., Jr. (1986). Atmospheric Chemistry: fundamentals and experimental techniques. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  9. Grützner, T., & Hasse, H. (2004). Solubility of formaldehyde and trioxane in aqueous solutions. Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, 49, 642–646.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Harrison, M. A. J., Cape, N. J., & Heal, M. R. (2002). Experimentally determined Henry’s Law coefficients of phenol, 2-methylphenol and 2-nitrophenol in the temperature range 281–302 K. Atmospheric Environment, 36, 1843–1851.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jantunen, L. M. M., & Bidleman, T. F. (2000). Temperature dependent Henry’s law constant for technical toxaphene. Chemosphere-Global Change Science, 2, 225–231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Khare, P., Satsangi, G. S., Kumar, N., Maharajkumari, K., & Srivastava, S. S. (1997). HCHO, HCOOH and CH3COOH in air and rain water at a rural tropical site in north central India. Atmospheric Environment, 31, 3867–3875.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kieber, R. J., Rhines, M. F., Willey, J. D., & Brooks Avery, G., Jr. (1999). Rainwater formaldehyde: Concentration, deposition and photochemical formation. Atmospheric Environment, 33, 3659–3667.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kim, B. R., Kalis, E. M., DeWulf, T., & Andrews, K. M. (2000). Henry’s law constants for paint solvents and their implications on volatile organic compound emissions from automotive painting. Water Environment Research, 72, 65–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Klippel, W., & Warneck, P. (1980). The formaldehyde content of the atmospheric aerosol. Atmospheric Environment, 14, 809–818.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mackay D., & Yeun, A. T. K. (1983). Mass transfer coefficient correlations for volatilization of organic solutes from water. Environmental Science & Technology, 17, 211–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Odabasi, M., Cetin, B., & Sofuoglu, A. (2006). Henry’s Law Constant, octanol-air partition coefficient and supercooled liquid vapor pressure of carbazole as a function of temperature: Application to gas/particle partitioning in the atmosphere. Chemosphere, 62, 1087–1096.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Odabasi, M., & Seyfioglu, R. (2005). Phase partitioning of atmospheric formaldehyde in a suburban atmosphere. Atmospheric Environment, 39, 5149–5156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sahsuvar, L., Helm, P. A., Jantunen, L. M. M., & Bidleman, T. F. (2003). Henry’s law constants for α-, β-, and γ-hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) as a function of temperature and revised estimates of gas exchange in Arctic regions. Atmospheric Environment, 37, 983–992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sanhueza, E., Ferrer, Z., Romero, J., & Santana, M. (1991). HCHO and HCOOH in tropical rains. Ambio, 20, 115–118.Google Scholar
  21. Schwarzenbach, R. P., Gschwend, P. M., & Imboden, D. M. (1993). Environmental Organic Chemistry. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  22. Schwarzenbach, R. P., Gschwend, P. M., & Imboden, D. M. (2003). Environmental Organic Chemistry (Second Edition). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  23. Seyfioglu, M., & Odabasi, M. (2006). Investigation of air-water exchange of formaldehyde using the water surface sampler: flux enhancement due to chemical reaction. Atmospheric Environment, 40, 3503–3512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Winkelman, J. G. M., Ottens, M., & Beenackers, A. A. C. M. (2000). The kinetics of dehydration of methylene glycol. Chemical Engineering Science, 55, 2065–2071.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Winkelman, J. G. M., Voorwinde, O. K., Ottens, M., Beenackers, A. A. C. M., & Jansen, L. P. B. M. (2002). Kinetics and chemical equilibrium of the hydration of formaldehyde. Chemical Engineering Science, 57, 4067–4076.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Zhou, X., & Mopper, K. (1990). Apparent partition coefficients of 15 carbonyl compounds between air and seawater and between air and freshwater; implications for air–sea exchange. Environmental Science & Technology, 24, 1864–1869.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Zhou, X., & Mopper, K. (1997). Photochemical production of low-molecular-weight carbonyl compounds in seawater and surface micro layer and their air–sea exchange. Marine Chemistry, 56, 201–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering, Department of Environmental EngineeringDokuz Eylul UniversityIzmirTurkey

Personalised recommendations