Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 118, Issue 1–3, pp 435–456 | Cite as

Leachate Characterization and Assessment of Groundwater Pollution Near Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Site

  • Suman Mor
  • Khaiwal Ravindra
  • R. P. Dahiya
  • A. Chandra
Article

Abstract

Leachate and groundwater samples were collected from Gazipur landfill-site and its adjacent area to study the possible impact of leachate percolation on groundwater quality. Concentration of various physico-chemical parameters including heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ni, Pb and Zn) and microbiological parameters (total coliform (TC) and faecal coliform (FC)) were determined in groundwater and leachate samples. The moderately high concentrations of Cl, NO3, SO2−4, NH+4, Phenol, Fe, Zn and COD in groundwater, likely indicate that groundwater quality is being significantly affected by leachate percolation. Further they proved to be as tracers for groundwater contamination. The effect of depth and distance of the well from the pollution source was also investigated. The presence of TC and FC in groundwater warns for the groundwater quality and thus renders the associated aquifer unreliable for domestic water supply and other uses. Although some remedial measures are suggested to reduce further groundwater contamination via leachate percolation, the present study demand for the proper management of waste in Delhi.

Keywords

groundwater contamination health risk landfill leachate remedial measure solid waste tracer 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suman Mor
    • 1
  • Khaiwal Ravindra
    • 2
  • R. P. Dahiya
    • 1
  • A. Chandra
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Energy StudiesIndian Institute of Technology DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Micro and Trace Analysis Centre, Department of ChemistryUniversity of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium

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