The Quality of Potable Water Types in Jordan
- 267 Downloads
Four different potable water types: tap water, desalinated water in private plants, homes filtrated and sealed bottled water were collected from four provinces in Jordan and analyzed for various physiochemical parameters and trace metals content. The results showed that quality of potable water varied depending on many factors such as: water quality at source, types of purification system, and the storage methods. None of the analysed parameters exceeded the national and international guideline for potable water except Nickel (Ni). The maximum concentration of Ni was found in tap water which can be attributed as network distribution system and metal storage tanks influences. The highest levels of salinity was evident in tap water. Potable water produced at homes using different types of purification systems indicated lowest levels of salinity. Minor variations in physiochemical parameters and trace metal contents were found between local and imported bottled water brands.
Keywordsbottled water heavy metals Jordan physiochemical parameters potable water
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Jiries, A.: 1998, ‘Hydrochemistry of springs and groundwater as affected by human activities/Karak-Jordan’, Hydrol. Umwelt 18, 171–179.Google Scholar
- JISM: 2001, Jordanian Institution for Standards and Metrology (JISM), Technical Regulations No. 286/2001 Date 16/09/2001 for Tap Drinking Water, and No. 1214/2001 Date 16/09/2001 for Water-Bottled Drinking Water.Google Scholar
- JISM: 2004, Jordanian Institution for Standards and Metrology (JISM), Technical Regulation No. 1528/2004 Date 16/09/2004 for Water-Desalinated Drinking Water in Private Plants.Google Scholar
- Malkawi, S., 2005, ‘Current reclaimed water use in Jordan: Strategies, policies and standards’, The Second Water Reuse Conference, June 6–9, 2005, Amman, Jordan.Google Scholar
- Tarawneh, Kh., Qteitat, M., Mraiat, Gh. and Jiries, A.: 2000, ‘Hydrochemical and bacteriological study of the springs in Al-Tafila region/south Jordan’, Mutah J. Res. Stud. 2, 25–46.Google Scholar
- Todd, D. K.: 1980, Groundwater Hydrology, 2nd Edition, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York.Google Scholar
- WHO: 1998, World Health Organization (WHO), Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, 2nd Edition, Geneva.Google Scholar