Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 121, Issue 1–3, pp 213–232 | Cite as

Prediction of Near-Surface Soil Moisture at Large Scale by Digital Terrain Modeling and Neural Networks



The capability of Artificial Neural Network models to forecast near-surface soil moisture at fine spatial scale resolution has been tested for a 99.5 ha watershed located in SW Spain using several easy to achieve digital models of topographic and land cover variables as inputs and a series of soil moisture measurements as training data set. The study methods were designed in order to determining the potentials of the neural network model as a tool to gain insight into soil moisture distribution factors and also in order to optimize the data sampling scheme finding the optimum size of the training data set. Results suggest the efficiency of the methods in forecasting soil moisture, as a tool to assess the optimum number of field samples, and the importance of the variables selected in explaining the final map obtained.


dehesa topographic variables forecasting soil moisture sampling 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. F. Lavado Contador
    • 1
  • M. Maneta
    • 1
  • S. Schnabel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geography and Land PlanningUniversity of ExtremaduraCáceresSpain

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