Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 103, Issue 1–3, pp 83–98

Selecting Socio-Economic Metrics for Watershed Management


DOI: 10.1007/s10661-005-6855-z

Cite this article as:
Morton, L.W. & Padgitt, S. Environ Monit Assess (2005) 103: 83. doi:10.1007/s10661-005-6855-z


The selection of social and economic metrics to document baseline conditions and analyze the dynamic relationships between ecosystems and human communities are important decisions for scientists, managers, and watershed citizens. A large variety of social and economic data is available but these have limited use without theoretical frameworks. In this paper, several frameworks for reviewing social-ecosystem relations are offered, namely social sanctions, sense of place, civic structure, and cultural differences. Underlying all of these frameworks are attitudes, beliefs, values, and norms that affect which questions are asked and which indicators are chosen. Much work and significant challenges remain in developing a standard set of spatially based socio-economic metrics for watershed management.


socio-economic metrics social sanctions norms and values sense of place civic structure culture watershed watershed management community 

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyIowa State UniversityAmes

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