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Microlending on mobile social credit platforms: an exploratory study using Philippine loan contracts

  • Jian MouEmail author
  • J. Christopher Westland
  • Tuan Q. Phan
  • Tianhui Tan
Article
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Abstract

Microlending has grown rapidly and now benefits around 250 million people globally, half who would otherwise not have access to credit. Use of social credit systems for microlending risk assessment is most pronounced in Asia, as most Western countries tightly regulate personal information available to lenders. In most of the developing world, geography, social structure, disease, climate and culture have a much stronger influence on credit risk and borrowing than do governmental and corporate systems. In this study, we obtained 784 loan contracts with 3577,912 personal communications and locations. Exploratory analysis found loan default depends on social network structure; graph analysis indicated that those who were likely to default tended to communicate with other likely defaulters. Detailed tests were equivocal, suggesting that social network communication structure provided little additional information to predict default, and may even add noise to the data. Our tests strongly supported the importance of location and proximity to particular sorts of landmarks on the potential for default. Proximity to some landmarks, e.g. city hall, moving companies and train stations, were associated with lower loan default. Others, such as parks, stadiums and bus stations, were correlated with a higher loan default. We restructured our tests based on risk-return versus loan default effect with little change in results.

Keywords

Social credit systems Social networks Privacy Credit scoring Microlending Peer-to-peer lending Credit risk 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank the editor and anonymous reviewers for their comments, which have greatly improved our paper. This study supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of No. (BX180604).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

There is no conflict of interest for this study.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Business, Pusan National UniversityBusanRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.University of Illinois – ChicagoChicagoUSA
  3. 3.National University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore

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