Electronic Commerce Research

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 455–484 | Cite as

Innovations, intellectual protection rights and information technology: an empirical investigation in the MENA region

  • Iftekhar HasanEmail author
  • Nada Kobeissi


This paper examines innovation, patents, research and development, intellectual protection, information technology, and other related activities in the Middle East and North Africa regions. The paper primarily focuses on the importance of intellectual property rights, reforms, and information technology in affecting innovation, and finds strong positive associations with regards to quantity as well as the quality of innovations. Additionally, the paper finds support for the role of economic freedom, foreign direct investment, and bank loans in contributing to innovative activities.


Innovation Patents Research and development Intellectual protection Information technology Middle East and North Africa 



The authors are grateful to Liang Song for his research help and suggestions. The authors would also like to thank Christopher Tucci and the participants of the Economic Research Forum Conference for their insightful comments. This work has benefited from a financial grant from the Economic Research Forum. The contents and recommendations do not necessarily reflect the views of the Economic Research Forum. The usual caveats apply.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of BusinessFordham UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Bank of FinlandHelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.College of ManagementLong Island UniversityBrookvilleUSA

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