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Morphological characteristics and genetic diversity of Colletotrichum horii infecting persimmon tree in China

  • Quan-en Deng
  • Xiang-yang Ding
  • Jian-an LiEmail author
  • Lin-kai Cui
  • Jian-qiang Xu
Article
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Abstract

Anthracnose is the most devastating disease affecting persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) cultivars in China, and is caused by the pathogen recently identified as Colletotrichum horii. In this study, the symptoms of anthracnose in persimmon fruits and trees in China, and the morphological characteristics of C. horii, were observed and recorded. Thirty simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for C. horii were developed from the whole genome of the closely related species C. gloeosporioides, which is available from the GenBank database. After screening 30 combinations of primer pairs, six SSR markers were selected to amplify the genomic DNA of 23 isolates, to assess the degree of polymorphism and the reproducibility of the SSR markers. A total of 164 discernible bands were obtained when visualizing the amplicons by electrophoresis, 156 of which showed polymorphism. A dendrogram was constructed with FreeTree software (ver. 0.9.1.50) and the similarity coefficients ranged from 0.58–0.98. The result indicated there was genetic diversity in the C. horii population in China. There was an obvious correlation between the cluster groups and the sites from which the samples were isolated. The results of this study will facilitate a more detailed understanding of the population structure of C. horii in China.

Keywords

Colletotrichum horii Morphological characteristics Simple sequence repeat Genetic diversity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by the Special Fund for Agroscientific Research in the Public Interest (201203047) and the Scientific Innovation Fund for Graduate of Central South University of Forestry and Technology (20181003).

The English in this document has been checked by at least two professional editors, both native speakers of English. For a certificate, please see: http://www.textcheck.com/certificate/FFYplm

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Quan-en Deng
    • 1
  • Xiang-yang Ding
    • 2
  • Jian-an Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lin-kai Cui
    • 3
  • Jian-qiang Xu
    • 3
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Non-Wood Forest Product of State Forestry Administration, Key Laboratory of Cultivation and Protection for Non-Wood Forest Trees of Ministry of Education, College of ForestryCentral South University of Forestry and TechnologyChangshaChina
  2. 2.Henan Academy of ForestryZhengzhouChina
  3. 3.Henan University of Science and TechnologyLuoyangChina

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