European Journal of Plant Pathology

, Volume 155, Issue 4, pp 1241–1263 | Cite as

Differential proteomics analysis reveals that Azospirillium brasilense (Sp7) promotes virus tolerance in maize and tomato seedlings

  • Sarah Boyd LadeEmail author
  • Carla Román
  • Ana Isabel del Cueto-Ginzo
  • Luis Serrano
  • Ester Sin
  • María Angeles Achón
  • Vicente Medina


Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria such as Azospirillum brasilense Sp7 can protect plants against viruses but the molecular basis of this phenomenon is unclear. We therefore used differential proteomics to study two pathosystems in the presence and absence of Sp7 during early vegetative growth: tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L. cv. Boludo)/Potato virus X (PVX, KJ631111)/Sp7, and maize (Zea mays cv. B73)/Maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV, AM110558)/Sp7). In the maize/MDMV system, PDQuest revealed significant variations in the levels of 19 proteins compared to uninfected controls, including the upregulation of NADP-dependent malic enzyme as a form of host-specific viral anticipation, causing a simultaneous increase in the abundance of proteins related to photosynthesis and plastid functions. However, 42 proteins varied significantly in the maize/MDMV/Sp7 system, including the upregulation of radical-scavenging enzymes and proteins related to methionine metabolism, the glutathione-ascorbate cycle and photosynthesis, increasing the photosynthetic rate. In the tomato/PVX system, we observed significant variations in the levels of 58 proteins reflecting the disruption of the Calvin-Benson cycle, responses to oxidative stress and the inhibition of photosystem II (PSII) activity. We identified 26 proteins that varied in the tomato/PVX/Sp7 system; PSII and plastid proteins transiently declined but partially recovered over time as the Calvin-Benson cycle was induced to compensate. Sp7 therefore triggers induced systemic resistance in both pathosystems without affecting the virus titer, although it does delay the appearance of MDMV. The role of ribulose-1.5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase small subunit as a host target for viruses is discussed in both pathosystems.


Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) Sp7 2D-PAGE MALDI-TOF/TOF Maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV) Potato virus X (PVX) 



We thank the MINCyT (Spain) for supporting this research with project refs. AGL2010-15691 and PGC2018-097655-B-I00. SL was supported by the UdL-Jade Plus Grant for pre-doctoral researchers and AIC by the UdL-IMPULS program. The authors would like to especially thank Dr. Isabel Sanchez for helping with the proteomic analysis.

Compliance with ethical standards

The paper has not been submitted elsewhere for publication, in whole or in part.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this paper.

Human and animal studies

The research did not involve any human participants and/or animals.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah Boyd Lade
    • 1
    Email author
  • Carla Román
    • 1
  • Ana Isabel del Cueto-Ginzo
    • 1
  • Luis Serrano
    • 1
  • Ester Sin
    • 1
  • María Angeles Achón
    • 1
  • Vicente Medina
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant Production and Forestry ScienceUniversity of Lleida – Agrotecnio CenterLleidaSpain

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