Tomato vein clearing leaf deformation virus, a new begomovirus species infecting tomato in Argentina

  • C. G. Vaghi Medina
  • V. A. Bornancini
  • P. M. López LambertiniEmail author


Begomoviruses (family Geminiviridae) cause economic damage around the world in tomato crops. Here, we present the molecular characterization of a new bipartite begomovirus that infects tomato in Argentina. Sequences analyses revealed that the DNA-A of this begomovirus shares the highest nucleotide percentage identity (81.3%) with Centrosema yellow spot virus (CenYSV). In phylogenetic studies, the DNA-A sequence was shown to be related to bipartite and monopartite begomoviruses from Brazil. Tomato plants biolistically inoculated with the new virus displayed vein clearing and leaf deformation symptoms, fulfilling the Koch’s postulate. We propose the tentative name tomato vein clearing leaf deformation virus (ToVCLDeV) for this new begomovirus species.


Geminivirus Molecular characterization Biolistic inoculation Phylogeny Solanum lycopersicum 



This research work was supported by research project PE PNBIO-1131044 from the Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Veronica A. Bornancini holds a fellowship from the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciónes Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET). The authors are grateful to Verónica V. Ranieri for the excellent technical assistance and to Ing. Agr. María Gimena Marcatini for providing the samples.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and animal studies

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects.

Supplementary material

10658_2019_1835_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (13 kb)
ESM 1 List of bipartite and monopartite begomoviruses used in phylogenetic analysis. (XLSX 13 kb)
10658_2019_1835_MOESM2_ESM.fasta (279 kb)
ESM 2 Sequences alignment of begomoviruses DNA-A performed in MUSCLE and used in phylogenetic analysis (FASTA 278 kb)
10658_2019_1835_MOESM3_ESM.xlsx (30 kb)
ESM 3 Percentage pairwise identity matrix of ToVClDeV and representative of each South American begomovirus species sequences. (XLSX 30 kb)


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Copyright information

© Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Patología Vegetal (IPAVE, CIAP-INTA)CórdobaArgentina

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