Characterization and pathogenicity of Cylindrocarpon-like asexual morphs associated with black foot disease in Algerian grapevine nurseries, with the description of Pleiocarpon algeriense sp. nov.

  • Wassila Aigoun-Mouhous
  • Georgina Elena
  • Ana Cabral
  • Maela León
  • Nasserdine Sabaou
  • Josep ArmengolEmail author
  • Cherifa Chaouia
  • Alla Eddine Mahamedi
  • Akila Berraf-Tebbal


During a survey of black foot disease in Algerian grapevine nurseries, a collection of 79 Cylindrocarpon-like isolates were obtained. Based on morphology and DNA sequence data of histone H3 (his3), three species of Dactylonectria were identified including Dactylonectria torresensis (40 isolates), D. macrodidyma (24 isolates) and D. novozelandica (14 isolates). In addition, one isolate belonging to the genus Pleiocarpon was found and it is described here as a new species, Pleiocarpon algeriense, based on morphological features and DNA sequence data of the internal transcribed spacer region (ITS), translation elongation factor 1-alpha (tef1), β-tubulin (tub2), large subunit nrDNA (LSU) and histone H3 (his3). This is the first time that these species are reported in Algeria. Pathogenicity tests, were conducted with representative isolates from each species. All of them were able to induce typical necrosis symptoms on grapevine cuttings. These results emphasize the urgent need to implement an integrated management strategy for black foot disease in Algerian grapevine nurseries in order to reduce the incidence of this disease on grapevine planting material and to prevent that it spreads to new grapevine production areas.


Black foot Dactylonectria Pleiocarpon Taxonomy Phylogeny Vitis vinifera 



Much of this work was supported by the laboratory of the Grupo de Investigación en Hongos Fitopatógenos, Instituto Agroforestal Mediterráneo (IAM), Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV), Spain. W. Aigoun-Mouhous thanks the University of Blida for funding the research stay in Valencia, Spain. G. Elena was supported by the Spanish post-doctoral grant Juan de la Cierva-Formación. A. Cabral was supported by Portuguese national funds through Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia grant SFRH/BPD/84508/2012 and FCT Unit funding UID/AGR/04129/2013. This work was also supported by EFRR “Multidisciplinary research to increase application potential of nanomaterials in agricultural practice” (No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_025/0007314).

Compliance with ethical standards

The authors declare that ethical standards have been followed and that no human participants or animals were involved in this research.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wassila Aigoun-Mouhous
    • 1
    • 2
  • Georgina Elena
    • 3
  • Ana Cabral
    • 4
  • Maela León
    • 3
  • Nasserdine Sabaou
    • 2
  • Josep Armengol
    • 3
    Email author
  • Cherifa Chaouia
    • 1
  • Alla Eddine Mahamedi
    • 2
    • 5
  • Akila Berraf-Tebbal
    • 2
    • 6
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Biotechnologie des Productions Végétales, Faculté des Sciences Naturelles et de la Vie (SNV), Département BiotechnologieUniversité de Blida 1BlidaAlgeria
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Biologie des Systèmes Microbiens (LBSM), Département des Sciences NaturellesEcole Normale Supérieure de KoubaAlgerAlgeria
  3. 3.Instituto Agroforestal MediterráneoUniversitat Politècnica de ValènciaValenciaSpain
  4. 4.Linking Landscape, Environment, Agriculture and Food (LEAF), Instituto Superior de AgronomiaUniversidade de LisboaLisbonPortugal
  5. 5.Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie et Sciences de la TerreUniversité de GhardaïaGhardaïaAlgeria
  6. 6.Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of HorticultureMendeleum - Institute of GeneticsLedniceCzech Republic

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