European Journal of Plant Pathology

, Volume 153, Issue 3, pp 715–729 | Cite as

Infection incidence, kernel colonisation, and mycotoxin accumulation in durum wheat inoculated with Fusarium sporotrichioides, F. langsethiae or F. poae at different growth stages

  • L. Nazari
  • E. Pattori
  • S. Somma
  • V. Manstretta
  • C. Waalwijk
  • A. Moretti
  • G. Meca
  • V. RossiEmail author


A 2-year field experiment was conducted to determine the effects of Fusarium sporotrichioides, F. langsethiae, or F. poae on durum wheat plants artificially inoculated at different growth stages. The percentage of symptomatic kernels was similar among the three species, but incidence of infected kernels was lower for F. langsethiae. Kernel colonization was higher when plants were inoculated before and during anthesis for F. sporotrichioides and F. poae, but unaffected by timing of inoculation for F. langsethiae. Production of T-2/HT-2 toxins was higher for F. sporotrichioides than for F. langsethiae. Significant accumulations of nivalenol were detected for F. poae. Across all three species, there was a weak correlation (r = 0.16; P = 0.031) between the incidences of symptomatic and infected kernels, but a stronger correlation (r = 0.53; P < 0.001) between infection incidence and the quantity of fungal DNA (species-specific) in kernels. Mycotoxin content was correlated (r > 0.58; P < 0.007) with infection incidence or fungal DNA in kernels, but only for F. sporotrichioides and F. poae.


T-2 HT-2 Nivalenol Small-grain cereals Fusarium head blight 



The first author carried out this work within the Doctoral School on the Agro-Food System (Agrisystem) of the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore (Italy). Parts of this work were supported by the Italian Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies, MiPAAF (project “MICOPRINCEM”).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Research involving human participants and/or animal

The research did not involve human participant or animals.

Informed consent



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Copyright information

© Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Nazari
    • 1
    • 2
  • E. Pattori
    • 1
  • S. Somma
    • 3
  • V. Manstretta
    • 1
    • 4
  • C. Waalwijk
    • 5
  • A. Moretti
    • 3
  • G. Meca
    • 6
  • V. Rossi
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.DIPROVESUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuorePiacenzaItaly
  2. 2.Horticulture Crops Research Department, Fars Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education CenterAREEOShirazIran
  3. 3.Institute of Science of Food ProductionCNRBariItaly
  4. 4.Horta srlPiacenzaItaly
  5. 5.Biointeractions and Plant HealthPlant Research InternationalWageningenThe Netherlands
  6. 6.Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Toxicology, Faculty of PharmacyUniversity of ValenciaBurjassotSpain

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