European Journal of Plant Pathology

, Volume 152, Issue 4, pp 957–976 | Cite as

Transcriptome profiling helps to identify potential and true molecular switches of stealth to brute force behavior in Pectobacterium atrosepticum during systemic colonization of tobacco plants

  • Vladimir GorshkovEmail author
  • Rim Gubaev
  • Olga Petrova
  • Amina Daminova
  • Natalia Gogoleva
  • Marina Ageeva
  • Olga Parfirova
  • Maxim Prokchorchik
  • Yevgeny Nikolaichik
  • Yuri Gogolev
SI: Plant Pathology for Innovative Agroecology


In the present study, we have monitored the process of systemic plant colonization by the plant pathogenic bacterium Pectobacterium atrosepticum (Pba) using RNA-Seq analysis in order to compare bacterial traits under in planta and in vitro conditions and to reveal potential players that participate in switching from stealth to brute force strategy of the pathogen. Two stages of tobacco plant colonization have been assayed: i) the initial one associated with visually symptomless spread of bacteria throughout the host body via primary xylem vessels where bacterial emboli were formed (stealth strategy), and ii) the advanced stage coupled with an extensive colonization of core parenchyma and manifestation of soft rot symptoms (brute force strategy). Plant-inducible genes in Pba and potential players switching the pathogen’s behavior were revealed. Genes from the cfa locus responsible for the production of coronafacic acid displayed the strongest induction in the asymptomatic zone relative to the symptomatic one and were shown experimentally to act as the true strategy “switchers” of Pba behavior in planta. Surprisingly, cfa genes appeared to be unnecessary for establishment of the asymptomatic stage of plant colonization but were required for the transition to soft-rot-associated symptomatic stage coupled with over-induction of jasmonate-mediated pathway in the plant.


Plant-microbe interactions Pectobacterium Soft rots Virulence factors Transcriptome profiling Coronafacic acid Bacterial emboli 



We would like to express our gratitude to Dr. Fabienne Guillon (INRA, France) for the INRA-RU2 antibody. This study was partially supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project No. 15-14-10022).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human participants and animals studies

Research did not involve Human Participants and/or Animals.

Informed consent

The informed consent was not necessary.

Supplementary material

10658_2018_1496_MOESM1_ESM.doc (59 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 59 kb)
10658_2018_1496_MOESM2_ESM.xls (1.5 mb)
ESM 2 (XLS 1534 kb)
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Fig. S1.

Transcript levels of P. atrosepticum operon located genes (according to DOOR2 database), which show different expression in asymptomatic zone 1 compared to in vitro. Zone 1 is designated in fig. 1. (GIF 34 kb)

10658_2018_1496_MOESM3_ESM.tif (90 kb)
High resolution image (TIF 90 kb)
10658_2018_1496_Fig11_ESM.gif (40 kb)
Fig. S2.

Transcript levels of P. atrosepticum operon located genes (according to DOOR2 database), which show different expression in symptomatic zone 2 compared to in vitro. Zone 2 is designated in fig. 1. (GIF 39 kb)

10658_2018_1496_MOESM4_ESM.tif (80 kb)
High resolution image (TIF 79 kb)


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Copyright information

© Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir Gorshkov
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Rim Gubaev
    • 1
  • Olga Petrova
    • 1
  • Amina Daminova
    • 1
    • 2
  • Natalia Gogoleva
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marina Ageeva
    • 1
  • Olga Parfirova
    • 1
    • 2
  • Maxim Prokchorchik
    • 3
  • Yevgeny Nikolaichik
    • 3
  • Yuri Gogolev
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Kazan Institute of Biochemistry and BiophysicsFederal Research Center “Kazan Scientific Center of RAS”KazanRussia
  2. 2.Kazan Federal UniversityKazanRussia
  3. 3.Department of Molecular Biology, Faculty of BiologyBelarusian State UniversityMinskBelarus

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