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European Journal of Plant Pathology

, Volume 153, Issue 3, pp 931–946 | Cite as

Spatio-temporal aspects of brown eye spot and nutrients in irrigated coffee

  • Marília Goulart da SilvaEmail author
  • Edson Ampélio Pozza
  • Eugênio Chaves
  • Helon Santos Neto
  • Gabriel Brandão Vasco
  • Paulo Victor Augusto Azevedo de Paula
  • Gabriel Avelar Dornelas
  • Marcelo de Carvalho Alves
  • Mirian de Lourdes Oliveira e Silva
  • Adélia Aziz Alexandre Pozza
Article
  • 51 Downloads

Abstract

Brown eye spot is one of the most common and important diseases of coffee in Brazil. Using geostatistics, this study evaluated the spatio-temporal aspects of the disease and how they relate to plant nutrition and soil fertility in plots irrigated by center pivot and drip irrigation. The experiments were conducted in Carmo do Rio Claro City, in southern Minas Gerais state, southeast Brazil. The sampling grid was georeferenced with 50 points in 17 ha and 52 points in 11 ha for center pivot and drip irrigation, respectively. Disease incidence was assessed at 60-day intervals from August 2012 to March 2015. Yield, plant mineral nutrition, and soil fertility were evaluated at each point annually. Weather data were obtained from climatological stations with sensors for temperature, relative humidity, wind velocity, leaf wetness duration, and total precipitation that were located inside and outside the coffee canopy in both experimental plots. Climate data were correlated with disease incidence. Disease progress curves were plotted, and semivariogram models were fitted for assessments with a high disease incidence over time. Then, the data were interpolated by ordinary kriging, and maps of disease, yield, and leaf nutrients (B, P, and K) were constructed. The average temperatures and accumulated rainfall rates were lower in periods of higher incidence, but relative humidity was high. All variables exhibited space-time variation in both plots. There was a correlation (p < 0.01) between disease incidence and leaf nutrients (B, K and P). The disease incidence in the center pivot and drip irrigation plots ranged from 0 to 23% and 0–25%, respectively, and varied over space, showing spatial dependence and the presence of disease foci with outward gradients. Areas with high intensity changed over planting years along with yield and nutrient availability.

Keywords

Epidemiology Coffea arabica Cercospora coffeicola Geostatistics 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG) and Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) for financial support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marília Goulart da Silva
    • 1
    Email author
  • Edson Ampélio Pozza
    • 1
  • Eugênio Chaves
    • 1
  • Helon Santos Neto
    • 1
  • Gabriel Brandão Vasco
    • 1
  • Paulo Victor Augusto Azevedo de Paula
    • 1
  • Gabriel Avelar Dornelas
    • 1
  • Marcelo de Carvalho Alves
    • 2
  • Mirian de Lourdes Oliveira e Silva
    • 2
  • Adélia Aziz Alexandre Pozza
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyLavras Federal UniversityLavrasBrazil
  2. 2.Department of EngineeringLavras Federal UniversityLavrasBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Soil ScienceLavras Federal UniversityLavrasBrazil

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