A survey of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ in historical seed from collections of carrot and related Apiaceae species

Article

Abstract

The occurrence of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ (Lso) was determined in commercial and wild species of the family Apiaceae, obtained from three seed collections held in the United Kingdom. The accessions dated from the 1970s and the seed had been sourced worldwide. Although only small quantities of each seed accession was tested, a high proportion of commercial carrot seed lots from European sources contained the bacterium; the earliest dating from 1973. Celery, parsnip and parsley seed were also tested and positive seed was found, dating from 1980, 2001 and 1990 respectively. This paper reports the first finding of Lso in celeriac seed with the earliest positive accession dating from 1979, also the first finding of Lso in the seed of the wild carrot Daucus carota and the related species D. aureus, both from Lebanon (1990). Lso was found in old commercial seed from countries not previously reporting the presence of this bacterium in Apiaceae species: Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Japan, Netherlands, Soviet Union, Syria, United Kingdom and United States of America. There were clear differences in findings of the bacterium in historical seed from different regions of the world and different Apiaceae species, with few findings in seed from countries outside of the European-Mediterranean region and from wild Apiaceae species.

Keywords

‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ Apiaceae species Historical seed 

References

  1. Alfaro-Fernández, A., Siverio, F., Cebrián, M. C., Villaescusa, F. J., & Font, M. I. (2012). ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ associated with Bactericera trigonica-affected carrots in the Canary Islands. Plant Disease, 96, 581.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alfaro-Fernández, A., Hernández-Llopis, D., & Font, M. I. (2017a). Haplotypes of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ identified in Umbeliferous crops in Spain. European Journal of Plant Pathology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-017-1172-2.
  3. Alfaro-Fernández, A., Verdeguer, M., Rodriguez-León, F., Ibáñez, I., Hernández, D., Teresani, G. R., et al. (2017b). Search for reservoirs of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ and mollicutes in weeds associated with carrot and celery crops. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 147, 15–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Antolinez, C. A., Fereres, A., & Moreno, A. (2017). Risk assessment of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ transmission by the psyllids Bactericera trigonica and B. tremblayi from Apiaceae crops to potato. Scientific Reports, 7, 45534. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep45534.
  5. Bertolini, E., Teresani, G. R., Loiseau, M., Tanaka, F. A. O., Barbé, S., Martinez, C., Gentit, P., et al. (2015). Transmmission of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ in carrot seeds. Plant Pathology, 64, 276–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. EPPO. (2017). First report of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ on carrot in Israel. EPPO reporting service no. 01. 2017/020. https://gd.eppo.int/reporting/article-5988.
  7. Haapalainen, M. (2014). Biology and epidemics of Candidatus Liberibacter species, psyllid-transmitted plant-pathogenic bacteria. Annals of Applied Biology, 165, 172–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hajri, A., Loiseau, M., Cousseau-Suhard, P., Renaudin, I., & Gentit, P. (2017). Genetic characterization of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' haplotypes associated with apiaceous crops in France. Plant Disease, (in press) PDIS-11-6-1686-RE.Google Scholar
  9. Ilardi, V., Di Nicola, E., & Tavazza, M. (2016). First report of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ in commercial carrot seeds in Italy. Journal of Plant Pathology, 98(2), 374. https://doi.org/10.4454/JPP.V98I2.040.
  10. Li, W., Abad, J. A., French-Monar, R. D., Rascoe, J., Wen, A., Gudmestad, N. C., et al. (2009). Multiplex real-time PCR for detection, identification and quantification of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ in potato plants with zebra chip. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 78, 59–65.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Liefting, L. W., Perez-Egusquiza, Z. C., Clover, G. R. G., & Anderson, J. A. D. (2008a). A new ‘Candidatus Liberibacter’ species in solanum tuberosum in New Zealand. Plant Disease, 92, 1474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Liefting, L. W., Ward, L. I., Shiller, J. B., & Clover, G. R. G. (2008b). A new ‘Candidatus Liberibacter’ species in Solanum betaceum (tamarillo) and Physalis perivana (cape gooseberry) in New Zealand. Plant Disease, 92, 1588.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Loiseau, M., Garnier, S., Boirin, V., Merieau, M., Leguay, A., Renaudin, I., et al. (2014). First report of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ in carrot in France. Plant Disease, 98, 839.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Loiseau, M., Renaudin, I., Cousseau-Suhard, P., Poliakoff, F., & Gentit, P. (2017a). Transmission tests of Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum by carrot seeds. International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS), Leuven, Belgium, 41-6.Google Scholar
  15. Loiseau, M., Renaudin, I., Cousseau-Suhard, P., Lucas, P., Forveille, A., & Gentit, P. (2017b). Lack of evidence of vertical transmission of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' by carrot seeds suggests that seed is not a major transmission pathway. Plant Disease (in press). http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/doi/10.1094/PDIS-04-17-0531-RE.
  16. Monger, W. A., & Jeffries, C. J. (2016). First report of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ in parsley (Petroselinum crispum) seed. New Disease Reports, 34, 31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Munyaneza, J. E., Sengoda, V. G., Crosslin, J. M., Rosa-Lozano, G., & Sanchez, A. (2009). First report of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter psyllaurous’ in potato tubers and zebra chip disease in Mexico. Plant Disease, 93, 552.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Munyaneza, J. E., Fisher, T. W., Sengoda, V. G., & Garczynski, S. F. (2010). First report of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ associated with psyllid-affected carrots in Europe. Plant Disease, 94, 639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Munyaneza, J. E., Sengoda, V. G., Stegmark, R., Arvidsson, A. K., Anderbrant, O., Yuvaraj, J. K., et al. (2012). First report of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ associated with psyllid-affected carrots in Sweden. Plant Disease, 96, 453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Munyaneza, J. E., Swisher, K. D., Hommes, M., Willhauck, A., Buck, H., & Meadow, R. (2015). First report of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ associated with psyllid infested carrots in Germany. Plant Disease, 99, 1269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nelson, W. R., Fisher, T. W., & Munyaneza, J. E. (2011). Haplotypes of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ suggest long-standing separation. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 130, 5–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Nelson, W. R., Sengoda, V. G., Alfaro-Fernández, A., Font, M. I., Crosslin, J. M., & Munyaneza, J. E. (2012). A new haplotype of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ identified in the mediterranean region. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 135, 633–639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ravindran, A., Levy, J., Pierson, E., & Gross, D. C. (2011). Development of primers for improved PCR detection of the potato zebra chip pathogen, ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’. Plant Disease, 95, 1542–1546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Reid, A., Hof, L., Esselink, D., & Vosman, B. (2009). Potato cultivar genome analysis. In R. Burns (Ed.), Methods in molecular biology, plant pathology (Vol. 508, pp. 295–308). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  25. Secor, G. A., Rivera-Varas, V., Abad, J. A., Lee, I. M., Clover, G. R. G., Liefting, L. W., et al. (2009). Association of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ with zebra chip disease of potato established by graft and psyllid transmission, electron microscopy and PCR. Plant Disease, 93, 574–578.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Tahzima, R., Maes, M., Achbani, E. H., Swisher, K. D., Munyaneza, J. E., & de Jonghe, K. (2014). First report of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ on carrot in Africa. Plant Disease, 98, 1426.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tahzima, R., Massart, S., Achbani, E. H., Munyaneza, J. E., & Ouvrard, D. (2017). First report of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ associated with the psyllid Bactericera trigonica Hodkinson on carrots in northern Africa. Plant Disease, 101, 242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Teresani, G. R., Bertolini, E., Alfaro-Fernández, A., Martinez, C., Tanaka, F. A. O., Kitajima, E. W., et al. (2014a). Association of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ with a vegetative disorder of celery in Spain and development of a real-time PCR method for its detection. Phytopathology, 104, 804–811.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Teresani, G., Bertolini, E., Loiseau, M., Tanaka, F., Barbé, S., Martínez, C., et al. (2014b). 'Ca. Liberibacter solanacearum': A carrot seedborne bacterium. Presentation at the final meeting of the EUPHRESCO PHYLIB project 1-2nd October 2014 at SASA, Edinburgh, UK. https://www.sasa.gov.uk/sites/default/files/7%20%27Ca.%20Liberibacter%20solanacearum%27%20%3B%20a%20carrot%20seedborne%20bacterium.%20%20Gabriela%20Teresani.pdf.
  30. Teresani, G., Hernández, E., Bertolini, E., Silverio, F., Marroquin, C., Molina, J., et al. (2015). Search for potential vectors of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’: Population dynamics in host crops. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 13(e), 10.002.Google Scholar
  31. Thomas, K. L., Jones, D. C., Kumarasinghe, L. B., Richmond, J. E., Gill, G. S. C., & Bullians, M. S. (2011). Investigation into the entry pathway for tomato potato psyllid Bactericera cockerelli. New Zealand Plant Protection, 64, 259–268.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© UK Crown 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Science and Advice for Scottish Agriculture (SASA)EdinburghUK

Personalised recommendations