European Journal of Plant Pathology

, Volume 148, Issue 4, pp 919–930 | Cite as

Potential global and regional geographic distribution of Phomopsis vaccinii on Vaccinium species projected by two species distribution models

  • H. A. Narouei-Khandan
  • C. L. Harmon
  • P. Harmon
  • J. Olmstead
  • V. V. Zelenev
  • W. van der Werf
  • S. P. Worner
  • S. D. Senay
  • A. H. C. van Bruggen


Vaccinium twig blight (caused by Phomopsis vaccinii, teleomorph Diaporthe vaccinii) is a major endemic disease on blueberries and cranberries in the Eastern and Northwestern USA and Canada. It has also been found in Europe, Chile and China. Publications on its occurrence in the USA and Canada indicate that the pathogen is limited to cool climates. Published data on worldwide occurrence were inventoried and supplemented with National Plant Diagnostic Network (NPDN) data in the USA. These occurrence and long-term climate data were entered in the niche models MaxEnt and Multi-Model Framework to predict the potential global distribution of the disease. Precipitation in the driest quarter and mean annual temperature contributed most to the prediction. The results indicate that P. vaccinii is not limited to cool climates, although the optimal annual average temperature is 10 °C according to the MaxEnt model. The models correctly predicted that the climate in the central and eastern USA and the west coast of the USA and Canada would be conducive to blueberry twig blight. Large areas in Europe, eastern Australia and New Zealand, and smaller areas in South America and East Asia would be conducive too. For the first time, the NPDN database was shown to be an important source of information for the prediction of the potential global distribution of a plant pathogen.


Diaporthe vaccinii Blueberries Cranberries Niche models MaxEnt Multi-model framework NPDN data base Phomopsis canker Blueberry and cranberry twig blight Cranberry viscid rot 



This research was funded by the Esther B. O’Keeffe foundation. We thank Mike Hill and Eileen Luke for providing data on blueberry twig blight occurrence from the NPDN data base. We also express our gratitude to the following persons who provided help on P. vaccinii distribution: Cheryl Blomquist, Steve Koike, Bernardo Latorre, André Lévesque, Marco Pautasso, Roel Potting, Mariusz Szmagara, Albert Tenuta, and Dhanushka Udayanga.

Supplementary material

10658_2017_1146_MOESM1_ESM.docx (100 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 100 kb)


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Copyright information

© Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. A. Narouei-Khandan
    • 1
    • 2
  • C. L. Harmon
    • 2
  • P. Harmon
    • 2
  • J. Olmstead
    • 3
  • V. V. Zelenev
    • 4
  • W. van der Werf
    • 5
  • S. P. Worner
    • 6
  • S. D. Senay
    • 7
  • A. H. C. van Bruggen
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Emerging Pathogens InstituteUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Horticultural Sciences DepartmentUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  4. 4.Department of Microbiology, Biological FacultyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Centre for Crop Systems Analysis, Crop & Weed Ecology GroupWageningen UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands
  6. 6.Bio-Protection Research CentreLincoln UniversityLincolnNew Zealand
  7. 7.International Science and Technology Practice and Policy (InSTePP), Department of Applied EconomicsUniversity of MinnesotaSaint PaulUSA

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