Control of Fusarium wilt in banana with Chinese leek

Abstract

The inhibitory effects of Chinese leek (Allium tuberosum) on Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc) and on Fusarium wilt incidence were studied in order to identify a potential efficient way to control the disease. Adopting the rotation system of Chinese leek-banana reduced the Fusarium wilt incidence and disease severity index by 88–97 % and 91–96 %, respectively, and improved the crop value by 36–86 %, in an area heavily infested by Foc between 2007 and 2009. As a result of inoculation in the greenhouse, Chinese leek treatment reduced disease incidence and the disease severity index by 58 % and 62 %, respectively in the variety Baxi (AAA) and by 79 % and 81 %, respectively in the variety Guangfen NO.1 (ABB). Crude extracts of Chinese leek completely inhibited the growth of Foc race 4 on Petri dishes, suppressed the proliferation of the spores by 91 % and caused 87 % spore mortality. The findings of this study suggest that Chinese leek has the potential to inhibit Foc growth and Fusarium wilt incidence. This potential may be developed into an environmentally friendly treatment to control Fusarium wilt of banana.

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Acknowledgments

The research was supported by a grant from the National “948” Project of P.R. China (2011-G16) and the Common Fund for Commodities project (CFC/FIGB/15). We thank participating farmers for their contributions to this project, and Dr Altus Viljoen from University of Stellenbosch, South Africa and Dr Uri Lavi from ARO-Volcani Center, Israel for suggesting advice for writing the paper.

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Correspondence to G. J. Yi.

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Huang, Y.H., Wang, R.C., Li, C.H. et al. Control of Fusarium wilt in banana with Chinese leek. Eur J Plant Pathol 134, 87–95 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-012-0024-3

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Keywords

  • Fusarium oxysporum
  • Panama disease
  • Banana
  • Allium tuberosum
  • Crop rotation
  • Biocontrol