European Journal of Plant Pathology

, Volume 122, Issue 1, pp 185–195 | Cite as

Beta-aminobutyric acid-induced resistance in grapevine against downy mildew: involvement of pterostilbene

  • Ana R. Slaughter
  • Mollah Md. Hamiduzzaman
  • Katia Gindro
  • Jean-Marc Neuhaus
  • Brigitte Mauch-Mani


BABA, a non-protein amino acid, was used to induce resistance in grapevine against downy mildew. BABA-induced resistance was observed in the susceptible cv. Chasselas as well as in the resistant cv. Solaris. Following BABA treatment, sporulation of Plasmopara viticola was strongly reduced and the accumulation of stilbenes increased with time following infection. Induction of trans-piceide, trans-resveratrol and, more importantly, of trans-ɛ- and trans-δ-viniferin and trans-pterostilbene was observed in BABA-primed Chasselas. On the other hand, induction of trans-resveratrol, trans δ-viniferin and trans-pterostilbene was observed in BABA-primed Solaris. The accumulation of stilbenes in BABA-primed Solaris was much higher than that found in BABA-primed Chasselas. Furthermore, BABA-treatment of Solaris led to a rapid increase in transcript levels of three genes involved in the phenylpropanoid pathway: phenylalanine ammonia lyase, cinnamate-4-hydroxylase and stilbene synthase. BABA-primed Chasselas showed increased transcript levels for cinnamate-4-hydroxylase and stilbene synthase. Here we show that pre-treatment of a susceptible grapevine cultivar with BABA prior to infection with P. viticola primed the accumulation of specific phytoalexins that are undetectable in non-BABA-primed plants. As a result, the susceptible cultivar became more resistant to downy mildew.


Phytoalexin Plasmopara viticola Priming Stilbenes Vitis vinifera 



beta aminobutyric acid


BABA-induced resistance



This project was funded by the National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) Plant Survival, a research programme of the Swiss National Science Foundation. We thank Mr. J. Taillens (Agroscope-RAC, Changins, Nyon) for the grapevine cutting production and Dr. S. Godard (Agroscope-RAC, Changins, Nyon) for the valuable help with the measurements of phytoalexins.


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Copyright information

© KNPV 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana R. Slaughter
    • 1
  • Mollah Md. Hamiduzzaman
    • 1
    • 2
  • Katia Gindro
    • 3
  • Jean-Marc Neuhaus
    • 1
  • Brigitte Mauch-Mani
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular BiologyUniversity of NeuchâtelNeuchâtelSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of Plant Physiology and Botany DepartmentStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  3. 3.Swiss Federal Research Station for Plant Production of Changins-Wädenswil ACWNyonSwitzerland

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