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European Journal of Plant Pathology

, Volume 119, Issue 4, pp 429–436 | Cite as

Effect of root and foliar applications of soluble silicon on powdery mildew control and growth of wheat plants

  • M.-H. Guével
  • J. G. Menzies
  • R. R. BélangerEmail author
Full Research Paper

Abstract

Foliar and root applications of different silicon (Si)-based formulations were evaluated for their effects in reducing powdery mildew and promoting growth of wheat plants. X-ray microanalyses of treated plants revealed that root applications resulted in consistent deposition of Si in the leaves. In terms of powdery mildew control, root applications at 1.7 mM Si gave consistently the best results, reducing disease severity by as much as 80%, regardless of the product used. Although less effective than root applications, foliar treatments with both Si and nutrient salt solutions led to a significant reduction of powdery mildew on wheat plants. This suggests a direct effect of the products on powdery mildew rather than one mediated by the plant as in the case of root amendments. In our experiments, Si amendment, either through the roots or the leaves, did not increase plant growth. These results lead to the conclusion that Si is primarily, if not exclusively, absorbed by the root system and that such absorption by the roots is necessary for an optimal prophylactic effect.

Keywords

Blumeria graminis Induced resistance Potassium silicate X-ray microanalysis 

Abbreviations

Bgt

Blumeria graminis f.sp. tritici

SEM

scanning electron microscopy

Si

silicon

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Caroline Labbé for technical assistance and statistical analyses and Florian Chain for critical review of the manuscript. This work was supported by grants from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Coucil of Canada (NSERC) in collaboration with Label Agro Inc (Montreal, Canada), and the Canada Research Chairs Programme to R.R. Bélanger.

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Copyright information

© KNPV 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • M.-H. Guével
    • 1
  • J. G. Menzies
    • 2
  • R. R. Bélanger
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Département de PhytologieUniversité LavalSainte-FoyCanada
  2. 2.Cereal Research CentreWinnipegCanada

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