Dialogues of root-colonizing biocontrol pseudomonads
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Among biocontrol agents that are able to suppress root diseases caused by fungal pathogens, root-colonizing fluorescent pseudomonads have received particular attention because many strains of these bacteria trigger systemic resistance in host plants and produce antifungal compounds and exoenzymes. In general, the expression of these plant-beneficial traits is regulated by autoinduction mechanisms and may occur on roots when the pseudomonads form microcolonies. Three major classes of antibiotic compounds reviewed here in detail (2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol, pyoluteorin and various phenazine compounds) are all produced under cell population density-dependent autoinduction control acting at transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels. This regulation can either be reinforced or attenuated by a variety of chemical signals emanating from the pseudomonads themselves, other microorganisms or root exudates. Signals stimulating biocontrol factor expression via the Gac/Rsm signal transduction pathway in the biocontrol strain Pseudomonas fluorescens CHA0 are synthesized by many different plant-associated bacteria, warranting a more detailed investigation in the future.
KeywordsAntibiotic compounds Biocontrol GacS/GacA Quorum sensing Pseudomonas Rhizosphere
Pseudomonas quinolone signal