European Journal of Law and Economics

, Volume 43, Issue 2, pp 195–237 | Cite as

Fewer courts, less justice? Evidence from the 2008 French reform of labor courts

Article

Abstract

The need to provide justice at reasonable cost represents a current challenge for many public authorities. Many reform projects propose to remove some courts in order to rationalize the judiciary. This paper explores the 2008 French reform of labor courts (removing 20 % of the courts) to empirically investigate the determinants of the removal decision, and its consequences on demand for litigation and case duration in the remaining courts. This represents—to our knowledge—the first attempt to evaluate the impacts of courts’ removal. Using panel data, our empirical strategy is based on probit estimations, counterfactuals, as well as 3SLS estimations. Our results show that the reform removed small and concentrated courts. It decreased demand for litigation in the targeted areas. Results also suggest that case duration might have increased in some specific courts since 2011.

Keywords

Judiciary reform Courts’ removal Judicial map  Case duration Caseload 

JEL Classification

K40 K41 K31 C33 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Romain Espinosa
    • 1
  • Claudine Desrieux
    • 1
  • Hengrui Wan
    • 2
  1. 1.CRED(TEPP) University of Paris IIParisFrance
  2. 2.ParisFrance

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