European Journal of Epidemiology

, Volume 23, Issue 9, pp 641–645 | Cite as

Reduction of urinary tract infections acquired in an intensive care unit during a 10-year surveillance program

  • Philippe Vanhems
  • Dominique Baratin
  • Nicolas Voirin
  • Anne Savey
  • Emmanuelle Caillat-Vallet
  • Marie-Hélène Metzger
  • Alain Lepape
Infectious Diseases

Abstract

Purpose To describe trends of urinary catheter-related infections (UCRIs) acquired by patients hospitalized in intensive care units (ICU) in relation with an infection control program. Materials and methods Prospective surveillance in one ICU of a university hospital in Lyon (France) between 1995 and 2004. Results A 66% reduction of urinary catheter-related infections (UCRIs) acquired by patients hospitalized was observed between 1995 and 2004 after adjustement on age, gender, antibiotic use at admission, and duration of exposure to urinary catheter. Conclusions These results, obtained by continuous epidemiological monitoring of nosocomial infections, are encouraging with regard to the improvement of infection control measures and the evolution of medical practices. Further studies in ICUs are needed to confirm this trend.

Keywords

Nosocomial infections Surveillance Epidemiology Intensive care units 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philippe Vanhems
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dominique Baratin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nicolas Voirin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anne Savey
    • 3
  • Emmanuelle Caillat-Vallet
    • 3
  • Marie-Hélène Metzger
    • 3
  • Alain Lepape
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and PreventionEdouard Herriot HospitalLyonFrance
  2. 2.CNRS UMR 5558Université Lyon 1LyonFrance
  3. 3.Regional Coordinating Centre for Infection ControlCentre Hospitalier Lyon-SudLyonFrance
  4. 4.Intensive Care Unit NorthCentre Hospitalier Lyon-SudLyonFrance

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