European Journal of Epidemiology

, Volume 21, Issue 9, pp 727–729

Prevalence of human papilloma virus infection in women in rural Ethiopia

  • R. Ruland
  • C. Prugger
  • R. Schiffer
  • M. Regidor
  • R. J. Lellé
Letter to the Editor

DOI: 10.1007/s10654-006-9055-4

Cite this article as:
Ruland, R., Prugger, C., Schiffer, R. et al. Eur J Epidemiol (2006) 21: 727. doi:10.1007/s10654-006-9055-4

Abstract

In Ethiopia cervical carcinoma is the most frequent cancer in women. HPV infection is a prerequisite for this disease. However, to date there have been no data on human papilloma virus (HPV) prevalence in Ethiopia. Outpatients attending Attat hospital in rural Ethiopia were examined for the presence of HPV DNA using the Digene HPV test. 15.9% of patients were found to be HPV positive. The proportion of HPV high risk types was 13.2% [age-standardised rates: HPV: 14.4% (95% CI: 8.5–20.2); HPV high risk: 11.6% (95% CI: 6.3–16.9)]. Compared to other countries HPV prevalence is high, especially of high risk types. Until vaccination programmes take effect, screening programmes should not be based on HPV testing alone as this will lead to significant overtreatment of healthy women.

Keywords

Ethiopia HPV testing Human papilloma virus 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Ruland
    • 3
  • C. Prugger
    • 2
    • 4
  • R. Schiffer
    • 5
  • M. Regidor
    • 1
  • R. J. Lellé
    • 1
  1. 1.Cytopathology Laboratory, Department of Gynecology and ObstetricsUniversity of Muenster Medical CenterMuensterGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Epidemiology and Social MedicineUniversity of MuensterMuensterGermany
  3. 3.Department of Gynecology and ObstetricsUniversity of Muenster Medical CenterMuensterGermany
  4. 4.University of Muenster Medical CenterMuensterGermany
  5. 5.Attat HospitalWelkiteEthiopia

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