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Phylogenetic analysis of hyperaccumulator plant species for heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Abstract

Increasing concentration of heavy metals (HMs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the soil may impose a serious threat to living organisms due to their toxicity and the ability to accumulate in plant tissues. The present review focuses on the phylogenetic relationships, sources, biotransformation and accumulation potential of hyperaccumulators for the priority HMs and PAHs. This review provides an opportunity to reveal the role of hyperaccumulators in removal of HMs and PAHs from soils, to understand the relationships between pollutants and their influence on the environment and to find potential plant species for soil remediation. The phylogenetic analysis results showed that the hyperaccumulators of some chemicals (Co, Cu, Mn, Ni, Zn, Cd) are clustered on the evolutionary tree and that the ability to hyperaccumulate different pollutants can be correlated either positively (Cd–Zn, Pb–Zn, Co–Cu, Cd–Pb) or negatively (Cu–PAHs, Co–Cd, Co–PAHs, Ni–PAHs, Cu–Ni, Mn–PAHs). Further research needs to be extended on the focus of commercializing the techniques including the native hyperaccumulators to remediate the highly contaminated soils.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by RFBR (Project No 19-29-05265: analysis of potential of hyperaccumulators as bioindicators and bioremediators), RSF (Project No 17-77-20072: phylogenetic analysis), Grant of the President of Russian Federation (No. MK-2973.2019.4: review of hyperaccumulators of PAHs), and Leading Scientific Schools (No. NSh-2511.2020.11: review of hyperaccumulators of HMs).

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Rajput, V., Minkina, T., Semenkov, I. et al. Phylogenetic analysis of hyperaccumulator plant species for heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Environ Geochem Health (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-020-00527-0

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Keywords

  • Human health
  • Metallophyte
  • Biotransformation
  • Phylogenetic analysis
  • Pollution remediation
  • Toxicity
  • Soil