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The mechanisms of biochar interactions with microorganisms in soil

  • Andrey V. GorovtsovEmail author
  • Tatiana M. Minkina
  • Saglara S. Mandzhieva
  • Leonid V. Perelomov
  • Gerhard Soja
  • Inna V. Zamulina
  • Vishnu D. Rajput
  • Svetlana N. Sushkova
  • Dinesh Mohan
  • Jun Yao
Original Paper

Abstract

Biochar, a carbonaceous material, is increasingly used in the remediation of the anthropogenically polluted soils and the restoration of their ecological functions. However, the interaction mechanisms among biochar, inorganic and organic soil properties and soil biota are still not very clear. The effect of biochar on soil microorganisms is very diverse. Several mechanisms of these interactions were suggested. However, a well acceptable mechanism of biochar effect on soil microorganisms is still missing. Therefore, efforts were made to examine and proposed a mechanism of the interactions between biochar and microorganisms, as well as existing problems of biochar impacts on main groups of soil enzymes, the composition of the microbiota and the detoxification (heavy metals) and degradation (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) of soil pollutants. The data on the process of biochar colonization by microorganisms and the effect of volatile pyrolysis products released by biochar on the soil microbiota were analysed in detail. The effects of biochar on the physico-chemical properties of soils, the content of mineral nutrients and the response of microbial communities to these changes are also discussed. The information provided here may contribute to the solution of the feasibility, effectiveness and safety of the biochar questions to enhance the soil fertility and to detoxify pollutants in soils.

Keywords

Biochar Bacteria Remediation Co-sorbents Pollution 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by projects of Ministry of Education and Science of Russia, No. 6.6222.2017/8.9 BP, Grant of the President of Russian Federation, No. MK-2973.2019.4, RFBR No. 19-29-05265 mk.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrey V. Gorovtsov
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tatiana M. Minkina
    • 1
  • Saglara S. Mandzhieva
    • 1
  • Leonid V. Perelomov
    • 2
  • Gerhard Soja
    • 3
    • 4
  • Inna V. Zamulina
    • 1
  • Vishnu D. Rajput
    • 1
  • Svetlana N. Sushkova
    • 1
  • Dinesh Mohan
    • 5
  • Jun Yao
    • 6
  1. 1.Southern Federal UniversityRostov-on-DonRussia
  2. 2.Tula State Lev Tolstoy Pedagogical UniversityTulaRussia
  3. 3.AIT Austrian Institute of Technology, ERTTullnAustria
  4. 4.IVETUniversity for Natural Resources and Life SciencesViennaAustria
  5. 5.School of Environmental SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia
  6. 6.China University of GeosciencesBeijingChina

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