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Effects of adding selenium on different remediation measures of paddy fields with slight–moderate cadmium contamination

  • Tao Xue
  • Xiaoyong LiaoEmail author
  • Lingqing Wang
  • Xuegang Gong
  • Fenghua Zhao
  • Jinhua Ai
  • Yangzhu ZhangEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

A number of remediation measures have been used in paddy fields to alleviate serious cadmium (Cd) contamination, which may pose a public health risk through the food chain. In this study, a field trial was conducted in paddy fields with slight–moderate Cd contamination to investigate the remediation effects of combined remediation measures (CRMs), including the use of Cd-safe rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars, water management modes (WMMs), lime application (LA), soil amendment application (SAA), and foliar silicon (Si) fertilizers. Two groups of field trials were designed including CRMs with selenium (Se) and without selenium (non-Se) application. The results show that soil measures (LA + SAA) can increase the soil pH by 0.99 and decrease the soil DTPA-extracted Cd content by 34.19% (p < 0.05). All measures used in the present study significantly decreased the Cd content in husked rice and yield, except for the WMMs; the CRMs achieved the best results, and Se application enhanced the effects of all measures. This study shows that CRMs significantly decreased the Cd content in husked rice by 58.10%; this value increased to 72.69% after Se application (p < 0.05). These results provide useful information for selecting remediation measures in paddy fields with slight–moderate Cd contamination.

Keywords

Heavy metal pollution Rice Soil Cd Se Remediation measures 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFD0800900) and the Special Fund for Scientific Research on Public Causes of China (201403015).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tao Xue
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Xiaoyong Liao
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Lingqing Wang
    • 2
    • 3
  • Xuegang Gong
    • 2
    • 3
  • Fenghua Zhao
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jinhua Ai
    • 2
    • 3
  • Yangzhu Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Resources and EnvironmentHunan Agricultural UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Beijing Key Laboratory of Environmental Damage Assessment and Remediation, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources ResearchChinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)BeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Beijing Key Laboratory of Environmental Damage Assessment and RemediationBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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