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Environmental Geochemistry and Health

, Volume 41, Issue 6, pp 2697–2708 | Cite as

Characteristics of particle size distribution and related contaminants of highway-deposited sediment, Maanshan City, China

  • Siping Niu
  • Yihua ChenEmail author
  • Jianghua Yu
  • Zhu Rao
  • Nan Zhan
Original Paper

Abstract

Road-deposited sediment (RDS) has been identified as both the source and sink of various pollutants. In this study, the highway-deposited sediment (HDS) in Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter was characterized. On average, the mass proportions of particles with the size of 830–4750 μm, 500–830 μm, 250–500 μm, 150–250 μm, 63–150 μm and < 63 μm were 23.6 ± 8.6%, 16.9 ± 3.4%, 28.4 ± 3.5%, 10.0 ± 4.3%, 15.7 ± 5.8% and 5.3 ± 2.0%, respectively, wherein the HDS of 63–830 μm accounted for 71% of the total mass load. It was observed that the particle size distribution of HDS could be described using the gamma distribution function based on gravimetric and cumulative basis (R2 (determination coefficient) = 0.9960–0.9995). The bulk pollutant contents of HDS showed seasonal variation with the mean of COD (chemical oxygen demand), nitrogen, phosphorus, Zn (zinc), Pb (lead) and Cd (cadmium) as 57 g/kg, 839 mg/kg, 97 mg/kg, 627 mg/kg, 110 mg/kg and 1.00 mg/kg and the highest COD of 83 g/kg in Autumn, nitrogen 1164 mg/kg Autumn, phosphorus 133 mg/kg Winter, Zn 801 mg/kg Summer, Pb 133 mg/kg Spring and the highest Cd of 1.36 mg/kg in Summer, respectively. The contents of Zn, Pb and Cd in HDS were significantly above their local soil background values. Moreover, the size fractional pollutant contents overall increased as particles’ size increased. Averagely, 40–52% pollutant loads were associated with the particles < 250 μm, which can be moved easily by runoff. This study suggests that the behaviors of HDS different from city RDS should be considered as nonpoint source pollution control is performed.

Keywords

Heavy metals Highway-deposited sediment Nutrients Particle size distribution Season 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study were provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41701553), the Natural Science Foundation of Anhui Province (Grant No. 1808085QD109), the Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars of Anhui Province, and the Open Project of Key Laboratory for Eco-geochemistry of Ministry of Natural Resources of the people’s Republic of China.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Siping Niu
    • 1
  • Yihua Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jianghua Yu
    • 2
  • Zhu Rao
    • 3
  • Nan Zhan
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Energy and EnvironmentAnhui University of TechnologyMaanshanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Environment Monitoring and Pollution Control, Collaborative Innovation Center of Atmospheric Environment and Equipment Technology, School of Environmental Science and EngineeringNanjing University of Information Science and TechnologyNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.National Research Center for GeoanalysisBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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