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Environmental Geochemistry and Health

, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 841–849 | Cite as

Ambient particulate matter concentration levels of Ahvaz, Iran, in 2017

  • Gholamreza Goudarzi
  • Nadali Alavi
  • Sahar Geravandi
  • Ahmad Reza Yari
  • Farzaneh Aslanpour Alamdari
  • Sina Dobaradaran
  • Majid Farhadi
  • Hamed Biglari
  • Maryam Dastoorpour
  • Bayram Hashemzadeh
  • Mohammad Javad MohammadiEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Dust storm in Khuzestan region is strongly influenced by transportation and influx of large amount of particulate matter from internal sources (Hawizeh Marshes and East Ahwaz) and external sources (the Arabian Desert in Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria and the Sahara Desert). Particulate matter is one of the main components of indoor and outdoor air quality that can be very dangerous for human. The principal objective of this study was the pinpoint of the source of airborne particulate matter by the NOAA HYSPLIT model in Ahvaz City, southwest of Iran. The investigation of dust storm and their origin was performed by the GFSG Meteorological Data (backward trajectories ending analysis of the NOAA HYSPLIT model) and collecting particulate samples with high-volume air samplers during the fall and winter seasons. The results showed the average ambient particulate matter concentration in the cold and warm seasons was 158 and 161 µg/m3, respectively. Moreover, the average particulate matter concentration in the cold season was significantly higher than the standard level as presented in the National Ambient Air Quality Standard. Consequently, it seems essential to develop green space, decrease particulate emission from source and make determined efforts to control dust at governmental and international scales.

Keywords

Ambient particulate matter Dust storm Ahvaz Iran 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was a part of a funded Ph.D. thesis of Mohammad Javad Mohammadi, a student of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences (AJUMS), and the financial support of this study (U-95094) was provided by AJUMS.

Funding

The authors would like to thank, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences (AJUMS).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gholamreza Goudarzi
    • 1
  • Nadali Alavi
    • 2
  • Sahar Geravandi
    • 3
  • Ahmad Reza Yari
    • 4
  • Farzaneh Aslanpour Alamdari
    • 3
  • Sina Dobaradaran
    • 5
  • Majid Farhadi
    • 6
  • Hamed Biglari
    • 7
  • Maryam Dastoorpour
    • 1
  • Bayram Hashemzadeh
    • 8
  • Mohammad Javad Mohammadi
    • 9
    Email author
  1. 1.Air Pollution and Respiratory Diseases Research CenterAhvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran
  2. 2.Environmental and Occupational Hazards Control Research CenterShahid Beheshti University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  3. 3.Asadabad School of Medical SciencesAsadabadIran
  4. 4.Research Center for Environmental PollutantsQom University of Medical SciencesQomIran
  5. 5.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of HealthBushehr University of Medical SciencesBushehrIran
  6. 6.Nutrition Health Research Center, Department of Environmental Health, School of Health and NutritionLorestan University of Medical SciencesKhorramabadIran
  7. 7.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public HealthGonabad University of Medical SciencesGonabadIran
  8. 8.Khoy university of Medical SciencesKhoyIran
  9. 9.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health and Environmental Technologies Research Center (ETRC)Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran

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