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The status and distribution of PCBs along the coast of Vietnam

  • Pham Thi Minh Hanh
  • Duong Thanh Nghi
  • Tran Dinh Lan
  • Nguyen Van Quan
  • Dang The Ba
  • Pham Hung Viet
Original Paper

Abstract

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), well-known as an important scientific achievement, are now considered as one of the most persistent organic pollutants (POPs) that need to be strictly controlled and forbidden worldwide (the Stockholm convention on POPs). Vietnam is one of the countries that encounters with serious issues from PCB contamination. This study presented a comprehensive review on the status and contamination of PCBs along the coast of Vietnam. The contaminated PCBs data in the water, sediment and biological samples from 18 provinces along Vietnam coastline were collected from various sources. A comparison in PCBs contamination between Vietnam and other Asian countries was included. The status on PCBs contamination in Vietnam since participated as a party of the Stockholm convention on POPs in 2002 was also assessed. The results showed that Vietnam is facing serious PCBs contamination problems as it evidences the spread and accumulation of PCBs in the marine environment. The implementation of the Stockholm convention on POPs (PCBs in particular) has not yet demonstrated significant effect on the reduction in PCBs contamination in the environment. This information on PCBs contamination in Vietnam urges government to strengthen the mechanism, policy and legislation, the management capacity for PCBs as well as applying advanced and modern technologies in reducing, disposing and eliminating PCBs from the environment.

Keywords

POPs PCBs Coastal area Environment Vietnam 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the Project “Comparative study of Holocene Sedimentary Evolution of the Yangtze River Delta and the Red River Delta” (Project Code NDT.01.CHN/15).

Supplementary material

10653_2018_168_MOESM1_ESM.doc (122 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 122 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Mechanics (IMECH)Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST)HanoiVietnam
  2. 2.Institute of Marine Environment and Resources (IMER)Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST)Hai PhongVietnam
  3. 3.University of Engineering and Technology (UET)Vietnam National University (VNU)HanoiVietnam
  4. 4.Centre for Environmental Technology and Sustainable Development (CETASD), Hanoi University of ScienceVietnam National University (VNU)HanoiVietnam

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