Advertisement

Biochar reduces cadmium accumulation in rice grains in a tungsten mining area-field experiment: effects of biochar type and dosage, rice variety, and pollution level

  • Min Zhang
  • Shengdao Shan
  • Yonggen Chen
  • Fang Wang
  • Deyi Yang
  • Jikai Ren
  • Haoyu Lu
  • Lifeng Ping
  • Yanjun Chai
Article
  • 144 Downloads

Abstract

Cadmium (Cd)-contaminated rice (Oryza sativa) in Southern China is a great threat to food security, and the paddy soil remediation is urgently needed to reduce Cd accumulation in rice. Application of biochar could effectively immobilize soil Cd and reduce Cd uptake by rice. Fields that were applied with soil treatments including control and 15 and 30 t ha−1 each hickory nut shell-derived biochar (KC) or maize straw-derived biochar (MC), and grown with two rice varieties (hybrid rice and late japonica rice) were selected for this study. The long-term effect of biochars on decreasing Cd bioavailability in paddy soils was evaluated. The results showed when MC was applied at 15 t ha−1, DTPA-Cd (soil cadmium extracted by diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid) was reduced by 20.0 and 34.5% in Field A (slightly Cd pollution) and B (moderately Cd pollution), respectively. In Field B, soil DTPA-Cd concentrations with application of 30 t ha−1 biochars were all lower than that of 15 t ha−1 biochar, but there were no significant differences between the two types of biochars. Cd concentration in rice grains and straws of hybrid rice are two times more than those of late japonica rice. Cd bio-concentration factor both of grains and straw was significantly increased by biochar application, which in Field A was higher than that in Field B. Our results suggest that biochars reduce Cd accumulation in rice grains by immobilizing soil Cd. KC has a higher potential in lowering Cd bioavailability than MC. Hybrid rice should be prohibited to cultivate in these areas.

Keywords

Biochar Cadmium Immobilization Rice variety Soil remediation Tungsten mine wastewater 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the Key Science and Technology Special Project of Zhejiang Province (2015C02037), Science and Technology Development Planning Programme of Hangzhou City (20140533B68), Science and Technology Planning Programme of Jinhua City (2016-2-015), Public Welfare Technology Application Research Project of Zhejiang Province (2016C33102) and the Key Research and Development Project of Zhejiang Province (2017C03010). The authors thank Drs. Bin Guo and Junmin Wang with the Zhejiang Academic of Agricultural Sciences for their suggestions and supports in the selection of rice varieties and studied fields.

References

  1. Abbas, T., Rizwan, M., Ali, S., Zia-Ur-Rehman, M., & Qayyum, M. F. (2017). Effect of biochar on cadmium bioavailability and uptake in wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) grown in a soil with aged contamination. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 140, 37–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Antoniadis, V., Levizou, E., Shaheen, S. M., Ok, Y. S., Sebastian, A., Baum, C., et al. (2017). Trace elements in the soil-plant interface: Phytoavailability, translocation, and phytoremediation—A review. Earth-Science Reviews, 171, 621–645.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arao, T., Ishikawa, S., Murakami, M., Abe, K., Maejima, Y., & Makino, T. (2010). Heavy metal contamination of agricultural soil and countermeasures in Japan. Paddy and Water Environment, 8, 247–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Beesley, L., Moreno-Jiménez, E., Gomez-Eyles, J. L., Harris, E., Robinson, B., & Sizmur, T. (2011). A review of biochars potential role in the remediation, revegetation and restoration of contaminated soils. Environmental Pollution, 159, 3269–3282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bian, R. J., Chen, D., Liu, X. Y., Li, L. Q., Pan, G., Xie, D., et al. (2013). Biochar soil amendment as a solution to prevent Cd-tainted rice from China: Results from a cross-site field experiment. Ecological Engineering, 58, 378–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bian, R. J., Joseph, S., Cui, L., Pan, G., Li, L., Liu, X., et al. (2014). Three-year experiment confirms continuous immobilization of cadmium and lead in contaminated paddy field with biochar amendment. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 272, 121–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cai, Q., Lin, D., Wang, G., & Wang, D. (2016). Differences in cadmium accumulation and transfer capacity among different types of rice cultivars. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 35, 1028–1033.Google Scholar
  8. Chen, D., Guo, H., Li, R., Li, L., Pan, G., Chang, A., et al. (2016). Low uptake affinity cultivars with biochar to tackle Cd-tainted rice—A field study over four rice seasons in Hunan, China. Science of the Total Environment, 541, 1489–1498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chen, H., Teng, Y., Lu, S., Wang, Y., & Wang, J. (2015). Contamination features and health risk of soil heavy metals in China. Science of the Total Environment, 512–513, 143–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dai, Z., Hu, J., Xu, X., Zhang, L., Brookes, P., He, Y., Xu, J. (2016). Sensitive responders among bacterial and fungal microbiome to pyrogenic organic matter (biochar) addition differed greatly between rhizosphere and bulk soils. Scientific Report, Nov 8–6, 3610.Google Scholar
  11. El-Naggar, A., Shaheen, S. M., Ok, Y. S., Rinklebe, J. (2018). Biochar affects the dissolved and colloidal concentrations of Cd, Cu, Ni, and Zn and their phytoavailability and potential mobility in a mining soil under dynamic redox-conditions. Science of the Total Environment, 624, 1059–1071.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. He, S., He, Z., Yang, X., Stoffella, P. J., & Baligar, V. C. (2015). Soil biogeochemistry, plant physiology, and phytoremediation of cadmium-contaminated soils. Advances in Agronomy, 134, 135–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kołodyńska, D., Wnętrzak, R., Leahy, J. J., Hayes, M. H. B., Kwapińskib, W., & Hubickia, Z. (2012). Kinetic and adsorptive characterization of biochar in metal ions removal. Chemical Engineering Journal, 197, 295–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Li, H., Luo, N., Li, Y. W., Cai, Q. Y., Li, H. Y., Mo, C. H., et al. (2017). Cadmium in rice: Transport mechanisms, influencing factors, and minimizing measures: A Review. Environmental Pollution, 224, 622–630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Li, H., Ye, X., Geng, Z., Zhou, H., Guo, X., Zhang, Y., et al. (2016). The influence of biochar type on long-term stabilization for Cd and Cu in contaminated paddy soils. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 304, 40–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Liu, C., Liu, X., Wu, W., Cai, X., Liang, Y., & Nan, Z. (2016). Effect of biochar and biochar based fertilizer on growth of Lactuca sativa L. and absorption of heavy metals. China Environmental Science, 36, 3064–3070. (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  17. Liu, J. G., Qian, M., Cai, G. L., Liang, X., Li, Y., & Nan, Z. (2007). Uptake and translocation of Cd in different rice cultivars and the relation with Cd accumulation in rice grain. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 143, 443–447.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ministry of Environmental Protection, Ministry of Land and Resources. (2014). Report on the national general survey of soil contamination [R/OL]. (2014-04-17) [2014-04-20]. http://www.zhb.gov.cn/gkml/hbb/qt/201404/t20140417_270670.htm.
  19. Natarajan, K. A., Subramanian, S., & Braun, J. J. (2006). Environmental impact of metal mining—Biotechnological aspects of water pollution and remediation—An Indian experience. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 88, 45–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Qayyum, M. F., ur Rehman, M. Z., Ali, S., Rizwan, M., Naeem, A., Maqsood, M. A., et al. (2017). Residual effects of monoammonium phosphate, gypsum and elemental sulfur on cadmium phytoavailability and translocation from soil to wheat in an effluent irrigated field. Chemosphere, 174, 515–523.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ran, J., Wang, D., Wang, C., Zhang, G., & Zhang, H. (2016). Heavy metal contents, distribution, and prediction in a regional soil–wheat system. Science of the Total Environment, 544, 422–431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rinklebe, J., Shaheen, S. M., & Frohne, T. (2016). Amendment of biochar reduces the release of toxic elements under dynamic redox conditions in a contaminated floodplain soil. Chemosphere, 142, 41–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rizwan, M., Meunier, J. D., Davidian, J. C., Pokrovsky, O. S., Bovet, N., & Keller, C. (2016). Silicon alleviates Cd stress of wheat seedlings (Triticum turgidum L. cv. Claudio) grown in hydroponics. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23, 1414–1427.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Shaheen, S. M., & Rinklebe, J. (2015). Impact of emerging and low cost alternative amendments on the (im)mobilization and phytoavailability of Cd and Pb in a contaminated floodplain soil. Ecological Engineering, 74, 319–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Shao, X., Cheng, H., Duan, X., & Lin, C. (2013). Concentrations and chemical forms of heavy metals in agricultural soil near the world`s largest and oldest tungsten mine located in China. Chemical Speciation and Bioavailability, 25, 125–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sun, Y. B., Zhou, Q., Liu, W., An, J., Xu, Z. Q., & Wang, L. (2009). Joint effects of arsenic and cadmium on plant growth and metal bioaccumulation: A potential Cd-hyperaccumulator and as-excluder Bidens Pilosa L. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 165, 1023–1028.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Takahashi, R., Ishimaru, Y., Shimo, H., Ogo, Y., Senoura, T., Nishizawa, N. K., et al. (2012). The OsHMA2 transporter is involved in root-to-shoot translocation of Zn and Cd in rice. Plant, Cell and Environment, 35, 1948–1957.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Tang, H., Li, T., Zhang, X., & Chen, G. (2015). Screening of rice cultivars with high cadmium accumulation and its cadmium accumulation characteristics. Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 24, 1910–1916. (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  29. Uraguchi, S., Mori, S., Kuramata, M., Akira, K., Tomohito, A., & Satoru, I. (2009). Root-to-shoot Cd translocation via the xylem is the major process determining shoot and grain cadmium accumulation in rice. Journal of Experimental Botany, 60, 2677–2688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Xu, N., Lin, D., Xu, Y., Xie, Z., Liang, X., & Guo, W. (2014). Adsorption of aquatic Cd2+ by biochar obtained from corn stover. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 33, 958–964. (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  31. Yamaji, N., Xia, J., Mitani-Ueno, N., Yokosho, K., & Feng, M. J. (2013). Preferential delivery of zinc to developing tissues in rice is mediated by P-type heavy metal ATPase OsHMA2. Plant Physiology, 162, 927–939.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Yan, M., Cheng, K., Luo, T., & Pan, G. (2014). Carbon footprint of crop production and the significance for greenhouse gas reduction in the agriculture sector of China. In S. S. Muthu (Ed.), Assessment of carbon footprint in different industrial sectors (Vol. 1, pp. 247–264). Singapore: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Yang, F., Tang, M., & Zhu, Y. (2015). Molecular mechanism of cadmium absorption and transport in rice. Hybrid rice, 30, 2–8. (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  34. Yu, H.-Y., Liu, C., Zhu, J., Li, F., Deng, D.-M., Wang, Q., et al. (2016). Cadmium availability in rice paddy fields from a mining area: The effects of soil properties highlighting iron fractions and pH value. Environmental Pollution, 209, 38–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Yu, H., Wang, J., Fang, W., Yuan, J., & Yang, Z. (2006). Cadmium accumulation in different rice cultivars and screening for pollution-safe cultivars of rice. Science of the Total Environment, 370, 302–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhang, B., Luo, L., Wei, Y., Zhang, X., & Nie, G. (2015). Analysis of cadmium accumulation dynamics in rice with distinct genotypes. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 2015(31), 25–30. (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  37. Zhang, X., Wang, H., He, L., Lu, K., Sarmah, A., Li, J., et al. (2013). Using biochar for remediation of soils contaminated with heavy metals and organic pollutants. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 20, 8472–8483.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zheng, J., Chen, J., Pan, G., Liu, X., Zhang, X., Lianqing Li, L., et al. (2016). Biochar decreased microbial metabolic quotient and shifted community composition four years after a single incorporation in a slightly acid rice paddy from southwest China. Science of the Total Environment, 571, 206–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Zhou, X., Zhou, H., Hu, M., & Liao, B. (2013). The difference of Cd, Zn and As accumulation in different hybrid rice cultivars. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 29, 145–150. (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Min Zhang
    • 1
  • Shengdao Shan
    • 1
  • Yonggen Chen
    • 2
  • Fang Wang
    • 3
  • Deyi Yang
    • 4
  • Jikai Ren
    • 1
  • Haoyu Lu
    • 1
  • Lifeng Ping
    • 1
  • Yanjun Chai
    • 1
  1. 1.Zhejiang Key Laboratory of Recycling and Eco-treatment of Waste BiomassZhejiang University of Science and TechnologyHangzhouChina
  2. 2.School of Landscape ArchitectureZhejiang A&F UniversityLin’anChina
  3. 3.Lin’an A&F BureauHangzhouChina
  4. 4.Jinhua Integrated Supervision and Inspection Center of Agricultural Products QualityJinhuaChina

Personalised recommendations