Environmental Geochemistry and Health

, Volume 39, Issue 4, pp 913–921 | Cite as

Comparison of chemical compositions in air particulate matter during summer and winter in Beijing, China

  • Rui Chen
  • Jing Cheng
  • Jungang Lv
  • Lijun Wu
  • Jing Wu
Original paper


The development of industry in Beijing, the capital of China, particularly in last decades, has caused severe environmental pollution including particulate matter (PM), dust–haze, and photochemical smog, which has already caused considerable harm to local ecological environment. Thus, in this study, air particle samples were continuously collected in August and December, 2014. And elements (Si, Al, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Mo, Cd, Ba, Pb and Ti) and ions (\({\text{NO}}_{3}^{-}\), \({\text{SO}}_{4}^{2-}\), F, Cl, Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+ and \({\text{NH}}_{4}^{+}\)) were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer and ion chromatography. According to seasonal changes, discuss the various pollution situations in order to find possible particulate matter sources and then propose appropriate control strategies to local government. The results indicated serious PM and metallic pollution in some sampling days, especially in December. Chemical Mass Balance model revealed central heating activities, road dust and vehicles contribute as main sources, account for 5.84–32.05 % differently to the summer and winter air pollution in 2014.


Air pollution Metal Element Ion Particulate matter 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rui Chen
    • 1
  • Jing Cheng
    • 1
  • Jungang Lv
    • 2
  • Lijun Wu
    • 1
  • Jing Wu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, School of Civil EngineeringBeijing Jiaotong UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Procuratoral Technology and Information Research CenterSupreme People’s ProcuratorateBeijingChina

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