Environmental Geochemistry and Health

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 441–455 | Cite as

RETRACTED ARTICLE: Estimation of Anticipated Performance Index and Air Pollution Tolerance Index and of vegetation around the marble industrial areas of Potwar region: bioindicators of plant pollution response

  • Mehwish Jamil Noor
  • Shazia Sultana
  • Sonia Fatima
  • Mushtaq Ahmad
  • Muhammad Zafar
  • Maliha Sarfraz
  • Masour A. Balkhyour
  • Sher Zaman Safi
  • Muhammad Aqeel AshrafEmail author
Original Paper


Mitigating industrial air pollution is a big challenge, in such scenario screening of plants as a bio monitor is extremely significant. It requires proper selection and screening of sensitive and tolerant plant species which are bio indicator and sink for air pollution. The present study was designed to evaluate the Air Pollution Tolerance Index (APTI) and Anticipated Performance Index (API) of the common flora. Fifteen common plant species from among trees, herb and shrubs i.e. Chenopodium album (Chenopodiaceae), Parthenium hysterophorus (Asteraceae), Amaranthus viridis (Amaranthaceae), Lantana camara (Verbenaceaea), Ziziphus nummulari (Rhamnaceae), Silibum merianum (Asteraceae), Cannabis sativa (Cannabinaceae), Calatropis procera (Asclepediaceae), Ricinus communis (Euphorbiaceae), Melia azadirachta (Meliaceae), Psidium guajava (Myrtaceae), Eucalyptus globules (Myrtaceae), Broussonetia papyrifera (Moraceae), Withania somnifera (Solanaceae) and Sapium sabiferum (Euphorbiaceae) were selected growing frequently in vicinity of Marble industries in Potwar region. APTI and API of selected plant species were analyzed by determining important biochemical parameter i.e. total chlorophyll, ascorbic acid, relative water content and pH etc. Furthermore the selected vegetation was studied for physiological, economic, morphological and biological characteristics. The soil of studied sites was analyzed. It was found that most the selected plant species are sensitive to air pollution. However B. papyrifera, E. globulus and R. communis shows the highest API and therefore recommended for plantation in marble dust pollution stress area.


Pollution Plants Biomonitoring Marble 



This research is supported by High Impact Research MoE Grant UM.C/625/1/HIR/MoE/SC/04 from the Ministry of Education Malaysia. Thanks also for the support by UMRG (RG257-13AFR) and FRGS (FP038-2013B).

Conflict of interest

The authors certify that there is no conflict of interest with any financial organization regarding the material discussed in the paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mehwish Jamil Noor
    • 1
  • Shazia Sultana
    • 1
  • Sonia Fatima
    • 1
  • Mushtaq Ahmad
    • 2
  • Muhammad Zafar
    • 2
  • Maliha Sarfraz
    • 3
  • Masour A. Balkhyour
    • 4
  • Sher Zaman Safi
    • 5
  • Muhammad Aqeel Ashraf
    • 6
    • 7
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesFatima Jinnah Women UniversityRawalpindiPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Plant SciencesQuaid-i-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  3. 3.Department of Physiology and PharmacologyUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan
  4. 4.Department of Environmental SciencesKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  5. 5.Department of Medicine, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  6. 6.Department of Geology, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  7. 7.Centre for Research in Waste ManagementUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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