Advertisement

Environmental Geochemistry and Health

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 147–156 | Cite as

Occurrence of estrogens in water, sediment and biota and their ecological risk in Northern Taihu Lake in China

  • Yonghua Wang
  • Qiuying Wang
  • Liangfeng Hu
  • Guanghua Lu
  • Yi Li
Original Paper

Abstract

Occurrence of five estrogens, including estrone (E1), 17β-estradiol (E2), estriol (E3), 17α-ethynylestradiol (EE2) and bisphenol A (BPA) in water, sediment and biota in Northern Taihu Lake, were investigated and their ecological risk was evaluated. Most of the target estrogens were widely distributed in the eight studied sampling sites, and their levels showed a regional trend of Gong Bay > Meiliang Bay > Zhushan Bay. The average concentrations of E1, E2, E3, EE2 and BPA ranged from 3.86 to 64.4 ng l−1, 44.3 to 64.1 μg kg−1 dry weight and 58.6 to 115 μg kg−1 dry weight in water, sediments and biota, respectively. In most cases, the average concentrations of BPA and E2 were higher than those of other estrogens. E1, E3 and EE2 were found to be accumulated in river snails with bioaccumulation factor values as high as 14,204, 35,327 and 20,127 l kg−1, respectively. E3 was also considered to be accumulated in clams. The evaluation of environmental risk showed that the occurrence of E2 and EE2 in lakes might pose a high risk to aquatic organisms. These findings provide important information for estrogen control and management in the studied area.

Keywords

Estrogens Taihu Lake Water Sediment Biota Risk assessment 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 51109062), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (no. 2012M511674), China Postdoctoral Science Special Foundation (No. 2013T60496), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of Hohai University (no. b11020087) and the Postdoctoral Science Foundation of Hohai University (No. 411102).

Supplementary material

10653_2014_9637_MOESM1_ESM.doc (93 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 93 kb)

References

  1. Arditsoglou, A., & Voutsa, D. (2012). Occurrence and partitioning of endocrine-disrupting compounds in the marine environment of Thermaikos Gulf, Northern Aegean Sea, Greece. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 64(11), 2443–2452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arnot, J. A., & Gobas, F. A. (2006). A review of bioconcentration factor (BCF) and bioaccumulation factor (BAF) assessments for organic chemicals in aquatic organisms. Environmental Reviews, 14(4), 257–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Björkblom, C., Salste, L., Katsiadaki, I., Wiklund, T., & Kronberg, L. (2008). Detection of estrogenic activity in municipal wastewater effluent using primary cell cultures from three-spined stickleback and chemical analysis. Chemosphere, 73(7), 1064–1070.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Blewett, T., MacLatchy, D. L., & Wood, C. M. (2013). The effects of temperature and salinity on 17-α-ethynylestradiol uptake and its relationship to oxygen consumption in the model euryhaline teleost (Fundulus heteroclitus). Aquatic Toxicology, 127, 61–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ding, Y., Zhang, W., Gu, C., Xagoraraki, I., & Li, H. (2011). Determination of pharmaceuticals in biosolids using accelerated solvent extraction and liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A, 1218(1), 10–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Froehner, S., Machado, K. S., Stefan, E., Bleninger, T., da Rosa, E. C., & de Castro Martins, C. (2012). Occurrence of selected estrogens in mangrove sediments. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 64(1), 75–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gineys, N., Giroud, B., & Vulliet, E. (2010). Analytical method for the determination of trace levels of steroid hormones and corticosteroids in soil, based on PLE/SPE/LC-MS/MS. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 397(6), 2295–2302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gomes, R., Avcioglu, E., Scrimshaw, M., & Lester, J. (2004). Steroid-estrogen determination in sediment and sewage sludge: a critique of sample preparation and chromatographic/mass spectrometry considerations, incorporating a case study in method development. Trac-Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 23(10), 737–744.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gong, J., Ran, Y., Chen, D.-Y., & Yang, Y. (2011). Occurrence of endocrine-disrupting chemicals in riverine sediments from the Pearl River Delta, China. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 63(5), 556–563.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hernando, M. D., Mezcua, M., Fernandez-Alba, A. R., & Barcelo, D. (2006). Environmental risk assessment of pharmaceutical residues in wastewater effluents, surface waters and sediments. Talanta, 69(2), 334–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hu, X., Shi, W., Cao, F., Hu, G., Hao, Y., Wei, S., et al. (2013). Bioanalytical and instrumental analysis of estrogenic activities in drinking water sources from Yangtze River Delta. Chemosphere, 90(7), 2123–2128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Isobe, T., Serizawa, S., Horiguchi, T., Shibata, Y., Managaki, S., Takada, H., et al. (2006). Horizontal distribution of steroid estrogens in surface sediments in Tokyo Bay. Environmental Pollution, 144(2), 632–638.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kelly, B. C., & Gobas, F. (2001). Bioaccumulation of persistent organic pollutants in lichen-caribou-wolf food chains of Canada’s Central and Western Arctic. Environmental Science and Technology, 35(2), 325–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kim, S. D., Cho, J., Kim, I. S., Vanderford, B. J., & Snyder, S. A. (2007). Occurrence and removal of pharmaceuticals and endocrine disruptors in South Korean surface, drinking, and waste waters. Water Research, 41(5), 1013–1021.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kolpin, D. W., Furlong, E. T., Meyer, M. T., Thurman, E. M., Zaugg, S. D., Barber, L. B., et al. (2002). Pharmaceuticals, hormones, and other organic wastewater contaminants in US streams, 1999–2000: A national reconnaissance. Environmental Science and Technology, 36(6), 1202–1211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kuster, M., José López de Alda, M., & Barceló, D. (2004). Analysis and distribution of estrogens and progestogens in sewage sludge, soils and sediments. Trac-Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 23(10), 790–798.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lai, K. M., Scrimshaw, M. D., & Lester, J. N. (2002). Prediction of the bioaccumulation factors and body burden of natural and synthetic estrogens in aquatic organisms in the river systems. Science of the Total Environment, 289(1–3), 159–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lei, B., Huang, S., Zhou, Y., Wang, D., & Wang, Z. (2009). Levels of six estrogens in water and sediment from three rivers in Tianjin area, China. Chemosphere, 76(1), 36–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Li, J., Zhou, B., Shao, J., Yang, Q., Liu, Y., & Cai, W. (2007). Influence of the presence of heavy metals and surface-active compounds on the sorption of bisphenol A to sediment. Chemosphere, 68(7), 1298–1303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Liu, J., Wang, R., Huang, B., Lin, C., Wang, Y., & Pan, X. (2011). Distribution and bioaccumulation of steroidal and phenolic endocrine disrupting chemicals in wild fish species from Dianchi Lake, China. Environmental Pollution, 159(10), 2815–2822.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lu, G., Yan, Z., Wang, Y., & Chen, W. (2011). Assessment of estrogenic contamination and biological effects in Lake Taihu. Ecotoxicology, 20(5), 974–981.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Martin, J., Camacho-Munoz, D., Santos, J. L., Aparicio, I., & Alonso, E. (2012). Occurrence of pharmaceutical compounds in wastewater and sludge from wastewater treatment plants: Removal and ecotoxicological impact of wastewater discharges and sludge disposal. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 239–240, 40–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nallani, G. C., Paulos, P. M., Venables, B. J., Edziyie, R. E., Constantine, L. A., & Huggett, D. B. (2012). Tissue-specific uptake and bioconcentration of the oral contraceptive norethindrone in two freshwater fishes. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 62(2), 306–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Qiao, M., Wang, C., Huang, S., Wang, D., & Wang, Z. (2006). Composition, sources, and potential toxicological significance of PAHs in the surface sediments of the Meiliang Bay, Taihu Lake, China. Environment International, 32(1), 28–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Qin, B., Xu, P., Wu, Q., Luo, L., & Zhang, Y. (2007). Environmental issues of lake Taihu, China. Hydrobiologia, 581(1), 3–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rao, K., Lei, B., Li, N., Ma, M., & Wang, Z. (2013). Determination of estrogens and estrogenic activities in water from three rivers in Tianjin, China. Journal of Environmental Sciences (China), 25(6), 1164–1171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rocha, S., Domingues, V. F., Pinho, C., Fernandes, V. C., Delerue-Matos, C., Gameiro, P., et al. (2013). Occurrence of Bisphenol A, Estrone, 17 beta-Estradiol and 17 alpha-Ethinylestradiol in Portuguese Rivers. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 90(1), 73–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Roepke, T. A., Snyder, M. J., & Cherr, G. N. (2005). Estradiol and endocrine disrupting compounds adversely affect development of sea urchin embryos at environmentally relevant concentrations. Aquatic Toxicology, 71(2), 155–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rose, J., Holbech, H., Lindholst, C., Norum, U., Povlsen, A., Korsgaard, B., et al. (2002). Vitellogenin induction by 17beta-estradiol and 17alpha-ethinylestradiol in male zebrafish (Danio rerio). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology and Pharmacology, 131(4), 531–539.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Salvia, M.-V., Vulliet, E., Wiest, L., Baudot, R., & Cren-Olivé, C. (2012). Development of a multi-residue method using acetonitrile-based extraction followed by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry for the analysis of steroids and veterinary and human drugs at trace levels in soil. Journal of Chromatography A, 1245, 122–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Shen, J., Gutendorf, B., Vahl, H., Shen, L., & Westendorf, J. (2001). Toxicological profile of pollutants in surface water from an area in Taihu Lake, Yangtze Delta. Toxicology, 166(1), 71–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Shi, W., Hu, G., Chen, S., Wei, S., Cai, X., Chen, B., et al. (2013). Occurrence of estrogenic activities in second-grade surface water and ground water in the Yangtze River Delta, China. Environmental Pollution, 181, 31–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Stasinakis, A. S., Mermigka, S., Samaras, V. G., Farmaki, E., & Thomaidis, N. S. (2012). Occurrence of endocrine disrupters and selected pharmaceuticals in Aisonas River (Greece) and environmental risk assessment using hazard indexes. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 19(5), 1574–1583.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sun, Y., Huang, H., Sun, Y., Wang, C., Shi, X.-L., Hu, H. Y., et al. (2013). Ecological risk of estrogenic endocrine disrupting chemicals in sewage plant effluent and reclaimed water. Environmental Pollution, 180, 339–344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Sun, K., Jin, J., Gao, B., Zhang, Z., Wang, Z., Pan, Z., et al. (2012). Sorption of 17α-ethinyl estradiol, bisphenol A and phenanthrene to different size fractions of soil and sediment. Chemosphere, 88(5), 577–583.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Tompsett, A. R., Wiseman, S., Higley, E., Giesy, J. P., & Hecker, M. (2013). Effects of exposure to 17alpha-ethynylestradiol during larval development on growth, sexual differentiation, and abundances of transcripts in the liver of the wood frog (Lithobates sylvaticus). Aquatic Toxicology, 126, 42–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Verlicchi, P., Al Aukidy, M., & Zambello, E. (2012). Occurrence of pharmaceutical compounds in urban wastewater: removal, mass load and environmental risk after a secondary treatment—a review. Science of the Total Environment, 429, 123–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wang, L., Ying, G–. G., Chen, F., Zhang, L. J., Zhao, J. L., Lai, H. J., et al. (2012). Monitoring of selected estrogenic compounds and estrogenic activity in surface water and sediment of the Yellow River in China using combined chemical and biological tools. Environmental Pollution, 165, 241–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Yan, Z., Lu, G., Liu, J., & Jin, S. (2012). An integrated assessment of estrogenic contamination and feminization risk in fish in Taihu Lake, China. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 84, 334–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Yu, Z., & Huang, W. (2005). Competitive sorption between 17α-ethinyl estradiol and naphthalene/phenanthrene by sediments. Environmental Science and Technology, 39(13), 4878–4885.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zhang, Z., Ren, N., Kannan, K., Nan, J., Liu, L., Ma, W., et al. (2014). Occurrence of endocrine-disrupting phenols and estrogens in water and sediment of the Songhua river, northeastern China. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 66(3), 361–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zhang, X., Zhang, D., Zhang, H., Luo, Z., & Yan, C. (2012). Occurrence, distribution, and seasonal variation of estrogenic compounds and antibiotic residues in Jiulongjiang River, South China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 19(5), 1392–1404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yonghua Wang
    • 1
  • Qiuying Wang
    • 1
  • Liangfeng Hu
    • 1
  • Guanghua Lu
    • 1
  • Yi Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Integrated Regulation and Resource Development on Shallow Lakes of Ministry of Education, College of EnvironmentHohai UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations