Environmental Geochemistry and Health

, Volume 32, Issue 4, pp 297–302 | Cite as

Analytical survey of arsenic in geothermal waters from sites in Kyushu, Japan, and a method for removing arsenic using magnetite

  • Kazuharu Yoshizuka
  • Syouhei Nishihama
  • Hideki Sato
Original Paper

Abstract

The objective of this study was to survey the cation and anion contents of geothermal waters to gather fundamental information on geographical variations. Sixteen sites in hot spring areas on the island of Kyushu in Japan were studied. The study focused on the arsenic content of the samples. Very high arsenic concentrations (more than 0.1 mg/l) were detected in most of the geothermal waters sampled. High contents of boron and fluoride (more than 1.0 mg/l) were also detected in some samples. Arsenic removal was performed on a laboratory scale using columns packed with a magnetite-type adsorbent. The reduction of arsenic contamination to a concentration of less than 0.01 mg/l could be achieved in the early stages of adsorption (bed volume = 200).

Keywords

Analytical survey Arsenic removal Geothermal water Kyushu Magnetite 

References

  1. Anezaki, K., Nukatsuka, I., & Ohzeki, K. (1999). Determination of arsenic(III) and total arsenic(III, V) in water samples by resin suspension graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Analytical Sciences, 15, 829–834.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bajpai, S., & Chaudhuri, M. (1999). Removal of arsenic from ground water by manganese dioxide-coated sand. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 125(8), 782–784.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bang, S., Korfiatis, G. P., & Meng, X. (2005). Removal of arsenic from water by zero-valent iron. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 121(1–3), 61–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Campos, V. (2002). The effect of carbon steel-wool in removal of arsenic from drinking water. Environmental Geology, 42(1), 81–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Choong, T. S. Y., Chuah, T. G., Robiah, Y., Gregory Koay, F. L., & Azni, I. (2007). Arsenic toxicity, health hazards and removal techniques from water: an overview. Desalination, 217(1–3), 139–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cornejo, L., Lienqueo, H., Arenas, M., Acarapi, J., Contreras, D., Yáñez, J., et al. (2008). In field arsenic removal from natural water by zero-valent iron assisted by solar radiation. Environmental Pollution, 156(3), 827–831.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Daus, B., Wennrich, R., & Weiss, H. (2004). Sorption materials for arsenic removal from water: A comparative study. Water Research, 38(12), 2948–2954.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fierro, V., Muñiz, G., Gonzalez-Sánchez, G., Ballinas, M. L., & Celzard, A. (2009). Arsenic removal by iron-doped activated carbons prepared by ferric chloride forced hydrolysis. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 168(1), 430–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fostier, A. H., Pereira, M. S. S., Rath, S., & Guimarães, J. R. (2008). Arsenic removal from water employing heterogeneous photocatalysis with TiO2 immobilized in PET bottles. Chemosphere, 72(2), 319–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gregor, J. (2001). Arsenic removal during conventional aluminium-based drinking-water treatment. Water Research, 35(7), 1659–1664.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gu, Z., & Deng, B. (2007). Use of iron-containing mesoporous carbon (IMC) for arsenic removal from drinking water. Environmental Engineering Science, 24(1), 113–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Guan, X.-H., Wang, J., & Chusuei, C. C. (2008). Removal of arsenic from water using granular ferric hydroxide: Macroscopic and microscopic studies. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 156(1–3), 178–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Henke, K. (2009). Waste treatment and remediation technologies for arsenic. In K. Henke (Ed.), Arsenic: Environmental chemistry, health threats and waste treatment (pp. 351–430). Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar
  14. Hlavay, J., & Polyák, K. (2005). Determination of surface properties of iron hydroxide-coated alumina adsorbent prepared for removal of arsenic from drinking water. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 284(1), 71–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Joshi, A., & Chaudhuri, M. (1996). Removal of arsenic from ground water by iron oxide-coated sand. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 122(8), 769–771.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Katsoyiannis, I. A., & Zouboulis, A. I. (2002). Removal of arsenic from contaminated water sources by sorption onto iron-oxide-coated polymeric materials. Water Research, 36(20), 5141–5155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Krishna, M. V. B., Chandrasekaran, K., Karunasagar, D., & Arunachalam, J. (2001). A combined treatment approach using Fenton’s reagent and zero valent iron for the removal of arsenic from drinking water. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 84(2–3), 229–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Leupin, O. X., Hug, S. J., & Badruzzaman, A. B. M. (2005). Arsenic removal from Bangladesh tube well water with filter columns containing zerovalent iron filings and sand. Environmental Science and Technology, 39(20), 8032–8037.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mohan, D., & Pittman, C. U., Jr. (2007). Arsenic removal from water/wastewater using adsorbents—A critical review. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 142(1–2), 1–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mondal, P., Majumder, C. B., & Mohanty, B. (2008). Effects of adsorbent dose, its particle size and initial arsenic concentration on the removal of arsenic, iron and manganese from simulated ground water by Fe3+ impregnated activated carbon. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 150(3), 695–702.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ohe, K., Tagai, Y., Nakamura, S., Oshima, T., & Baba, Y. (2005). Adsorption behavior of arsenic(III) and arsenic(V) using magnetite. Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan, 38(8), 671–676.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pande, S. P., Deshpande, L. S., Patni, P. M., & Lutade, S. L. (1997). Arsenic removal studies in some ground waters of West Bengal, India. Journal of Environmental Science and Health: Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering, 32(7), 1981–1987.Google Scholar
  23. Sylvester, P., Westerhoff, P., Möller, T., Badruzzaman, M., & Boyd, O. (2007). A hybrid sorbent utilizing nanoparticles of hydrous iron oxide for arsenic removal from drinking water. Environmental Engineering Science, 24(1), 104–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Thirunavukkarasu, O. S., Viraraghavan, T., & Subramanian, K. S. (2003a). Arsenic removal from drinking water using granular ferric hydroxide. Water SA, 29(2), 161–170.Google Scholar
  25. Thirunavukkarasu, O. S., Viraraghavan, T., & Subramanian, K. S. (2003b). Arsenic removal from drinking water using iron oxide-coated sand. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 142(1–4), 95–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Tuutijärvi, T., Lu, J., Sillanpää, M., & Chen, G. (2009). As(V) adsorption on maghemite nanoparticles. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 166(2–3), 1415–1420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tyrovola, K., Nikolaidis, N. P., Veranis, N., Kallithrakas-Kontos, N., & Koulouridakis, P. E. (2006). Arsenic removal from geothermal waters with zero-valent iron. Effect of temperature, phosphate and nitrate. Water Research, 40(12), 2375–2386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Vaishya, R. C., & Gupta, S. K. (2004). Modeling arsenic(V) removal from water by sulfate modified iron-oxide coated sand (SMIOCS). Separation Science and Technology, 39(3), 645–666.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wilkie, J. A., & Hering, J. G. (1996). Adsorption of arsenic onto hydrous ferric oxide: Effects of adsorbate/adsorbent ratios and co-occurring solutes. Colloid and Surfaces, 107, 97–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. World Health Organization (2008) Guidelines for drinking-water quality, third edition incorporating the first and second addenda. World Health Organization, Geneva; http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/fulltext.pdf
  31. Xu, Y.-H., Nakajima, T., & Ohki, A. (2002). Adsorption and removal of arsenic(V) from drinking water by aluminum-loaded Shirasu-zeolite. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 92(3), 275–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Zaspalis, V., Pagana, A., & Sklari, S. (2007). Arsenic removal from contaminated water by iron oxide sorbents and porous ceramic membranes. Desalination, 217(1–3), 167–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Zhang, W., Singh, P., Paling, E., & Delides, S. (2004). Arsenic removal from contaminated water by natural iron ores. Minerals Engineering, 17(4), 517–524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kazuharu Yoshizuka
    • 1
  • Syouhei Nishihama
    • 1
  • Hideki Sato
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringThe University of KitakyushuKitakyushuJapan

Personalised recommendations