Environmental Geochemistry and Health

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 11–19 | Cite as

Some characteristics of the distribution of heavy metals in urban topsoil of Xuzhou, China

  • Xue-Song WangEmail author
  • Yong Qin
Original Paper


An assessment is presented of distribution characteristics of heavy metals in the urban topsoil from the city of Xuzhou. The concentrations of Ag, Al, As, Au, Ba, Be, Bi, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ga, Hg, Li, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Pd, Pt, Sb, Sc, Se, Sn, V and Zn have been determined from 21 soil samples. Examination of lognormal distribution plots indicates that the diagrams of Al, Be, Fe, Ga, Li, and V are almost linear suggesting that these metals are almost unaffected by anthropogenic activities while the plots for As, Cd, Cu, Pb, Pd, Pt, Se, Zn and others are not linear probably due to anthropogenic activities from which these metals are delivered to the soils. Al is used for mineralogical normalization of these data. An evaluation of background values for topsoil is also carried out by means of lognormal distribution plots. The results show our background values obtained from the lognormal distribution plots are comparable to those values of uncontaminated soils of Xuzhou obtained by previous work except for Cd and Hg. At present, no explanation for the exceptions Cd and Hg can be given.


Background value Enrichment factor Heavy metals Lognormal distribution plot Normalization Urban soils 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringHuaihai Institute of TechnologyLianyungangChina
  2. 2.School of Mineral Resources and Geo-ScienceChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouChina

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