Environmental Geochemistry and Health

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 131–145

Arsenic contamination in water, soil, sediment and rice of central India

  • K. S. Patel
  • K. Shrivas
  • R. Brandt
  • N. Jakubowski
  • W. Corns
  • P. Hoffmann
Article

Abstract

Arsenic contamination in the environment (i.e. surface, well and tube-well water, soil, sediment and rice samples) of central India (i.e. Ambagarh Chauki, Chhattisgarh) is reported. The concentration of the total arsenic in the samples i.e. water (n=64), soil (n=30), sediment (n=27) and rice grain (n=10) were ranged from 15 to 825 μg L−1, 9 to 390 mg kg−1, 19 to 489 mg kg−1 and 0.018 to 0.446 mg kg−1, respectively. In all type of waters, the arsenic levels exceeded the permissible limit, 10 μg L−1. The most toxic and mobile inorganic species i.e. As(III) and As(V) are predominantly present in water of this region. The soils have relatively higher contents of arsenic and other elements i.e. Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Ga, Zr, Sn, Sb, Pb and U. The mean arsenic contents in soil of this region are much higher than in arsenic soil of West Bengal and Bangladesh. The lowest level of arsenic in the soil of this region is 3.7 mg kg−1 with median value of 9.5 mg kg−1. The arsenic contents in the sediments are at least 2-folds higher than in the soil. The sources of arsenic contamination in the soil of this region are expected from the rock weathering as well as the atmospheric deposition. The environmental samples i.e. water, soil dust, food, etc. are expected the major exposure for the arsenic contamination. The most of people living in this region are suffering with arsenic borne diseases (i.e. melanosis, keratosis, skin cancer, etc.).

Keywords

arsenic central India (i.e. Chhattisgarh) ground water rice sediment soil surface water trace metals 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abedin, MJ, Cresser, MS, Meharg, AA, Feldmann, J, Cotter-Howells, J. 2002Arsenic accumulation and metabolism (Oryza sativa L)Environ Sci Technol36962968CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abernathy, COCalderon, RLCappell, WR. eds. 1997Arsenic: Exposure and Health EffectsChapman & HallLondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Acharya, SK. 2002Arsenic contamination in groundwater affecting major parts of southern West Bengal and parts of western Chhattisgarh: source and mobilization processesCurr Sci82740744Google Scholar
  4. Bejrano G, Nordberg E, Bhattacharya P, Martin RA, Starniolo AR, Bundschuh J. 2003 Groundwater arsenic in the shallow alluvial aquifers of La Banda country in Santiago del Estero Province, Argentina. In George RG, Nicholas L, eds. 7th International Conference on the Biogeochemical of Trace Elements, Uppsala, Sweden, SYMP01, 12 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Berg, M, Tran, HC, Nguyen, TC, Pham, HV, Schertenleib, R, Giger, W. 2001Arsenic contamination of groundwater and drinking water in Vietnam: a human health threatEnviron Sci Technol3526212626CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Berg M, Tran HC, Pham KT, Pham HV, Schertenleib R, Giger W. 2003 Arsenic pollution of water resources in Vietnam-a plea for early mitigation actions. In George RG, Nicholas L, eds. 7th International Conference on the Biogeochemical of Trace Elements, Uppsala, Sweden, SYMP01, 8 pp.Google Scholar
  7. Bowell, RJ. 1993Mineralogy and geochemistry of tropical rain forest soils: Ashanti, GhanaChem Geol106345358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chakraborti, D, Basu, GK, Biswas, BK, Chowdhury, UK, Rahman, MM, Paul, K, Chowdhury, TR, Chanda, CR, Lodh, D. 2001Arsenic Exposure and Health EffectsElsevierAmsterdam27Google Scholar
  9. Chakraborti, D, Mukherjee, S, Pati, S, Sengupta, MK, Rahman, MM, Chowdhury, UK, Lodh, D, Chanda, CR, Chakraborti, AK. 2003Arsenic groundwater contamination in middle Ganga Plain, Bihar, India: a future dangerEnviron Health Perspect11111941201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chen, CJ, Hsueh, YM, Lai, MS, Shyu, P, Chen, SY, Wu, MM, Kuo, TL, Tai, TY. 1995Increased prevalence of hypertension and long term arsenic exposureHypertension255360Google Scholar
  11. Chen, SL, Dzeng, SR, Yang, MH. 1994Arsenic species in groundwater of the blackfoot disease area, TaiwanEnviron Sci Technol28877888CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chowdhury, UK, Biswas, BK, Chowdhury, TR, Samanta, G, Mandal, BK, Basu, GK, Chanda, CR, Lodh, D, Saha, KC, Mukherjee, SK, Roy, S, Kabir, S, Quamruzzaman, Q, Chakraborti, D. 2000Ground water arsenic contamination in Bangladesh and West Bengal-IndiaEnviron Health Perspect108393397Google Scholar
  13. Craig, PJ. 1986Organometallic Compounds in the EnvironmentJohn Wiley & Sons Inc.New YorkGoogle Scholar
  14. Das, HK, Mitra, AK, Sengupta, PK, Hossain, A, Islam, F, Rabbani, GH. 2004Arsenic concentrations in rice, vegetables, and fish in Bangladesh: a preliminary studyEnviron Intern30381385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Danby, R, Shaw, S. 1990GBC Automatic Hydride Generator Operation ManualDandenongAustraliaGoogle Scholar
  16. Sastre, RBR, Varillas, A, Kirschbaum, P. 1992Proceeding of international seminar on arsenic in the environment and its incidence on healthUniversidad de ChileSantiago ChileGoogle Scholar
  17. Del Razo, LN, Arellano, MA, Cebrian, ME. 1990The oxidation states of arsenic in well-water from a chronic arsenic area of Northern MexicoEnviron Pollut64143153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dhar, RK, Biswas, BK, Samanta, G, Mandal, BK, Chakraborti, D, Roy, S, Fafar, A, Islam, A, Ara, G, Kabir, S, Khan, AW, Ahmed, SA, Hadi, SA. 1997Groundwater arsenic calamity in BangladeshCur Sci734859Google Scholar
  19. Gbadebo AM. 2003 Arsenic concentration in selected soils around Abeokuta, Southwestern Nigeria, In George RG, Nicholas L, eds. 7th International Conference on the Biogeochemical of Trace Elements, Uppsala, Sweden, SYMP01, 76 pp.Google Scholar
  20. Guo, XJ, Fujino, Y, Kaneko, S, Wu, K, Xia, Y, Yoshimura, T. 2001Arsenic contamination of groundwater and prevalence of arsenical dermatosis in the Hetao plain area, Inner Mangolia, ChinaMol Cell Biochem222137140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Islam, MR, Salminen, R, Lahermo, PW. 2000Arsenic and other toxic elemental contamination of ground water, surface water and soil in Bangladesh and its possible effects on human health, EnvironGeochem. Health223353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Jain, CK. 2002Arsenic contamination in ground water: Indian ScenarioInd J Environ Health44238243Google Scholar
  23. Kabata-Pendias, A, Pendias, H. 1984Trace Elements in Soil and PlantsCRCBoca Raton315Google Scholar
  24. Kaltreider, RC, Davis, MA, Lariviere, JP, Hamilton, JW. 2001Arsenic alters the function of glucorticoid receptor as a transcription factorEnviron Health Perspect109245251Google Scholar
  25. Keith, LH. 1991Environmental Sampling and GuideLewis PublishersBoca Raton, USAGoogle Scholar
  26. Kondo, H, Ishiguro, Y, Ohno, K, Nagase, M, Toba, M, Takagi, M. 1999Naturally occurring arsenic in the ground water in southern region of Fukuoka, Prefecture, JapanWater Res3319671972CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lewis, DR, Southwick, JW, Quellet-Hellstrom, R, Rench, J, Calderon, RL. 1999Drinking water arsenic in Utah: a cohort mortality studyEnviron Health Perspect107359365Google Scholar
  28. Mandal, BK, Chowdhury, TR, Samanta, G, Basu, GK, Chowdhury, PP, Chanda, CR, Karan, NK, Lodh, D, Dhar, RK, Tamili, DK, Das, D, Saha, KC, Chakraborti, D. 1996Arsenic in ground water of seven districts of West Bengal, India: biggest calamity in the worldCur Sci70976986Google Scholar
  29. Matisoff, G, Khourey, CJ, Hall, JF, Varnes, AW, Strain, WH. 1982The nature and source of arsenic in northeastern Ohio ground waterGround Water20446456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Mineral policy, http://chips.nic.in/dpr_PDF/miniral_policy/Mineral%20PolicyEnglish.pdf.Google Scholar
  31. Mok WM, Wai CM. 1995 In Nriagu JO ed. Arsenic in the Environment, Part-I, New York: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
  32. Momplaisir GM, Rosal CG, Heithmar EM. 2001 Arsenic speciation methods for studying the environmental fate of organoarsenic animal-feed additives, US EPA, NERL-Las Vegas.Google Scholar
  33. Nickson, RT, McArthur, JM, Ravenscroft, P, Burgess, WG, Ahmed, KM. 2000Mechanism of arsenic release to groundwater, Bangladesh and West BengalAppl Geochem15403413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. O’Neil P. 1995 in Alloway BJ ed. London: Blackie Academic and Professional. Heavy Metals in SoilsGoogle Scholar
  35. Pandey, PK, Nair, S, Bhui, A, Pandey, M. 2004Sediment contamination by arsenic in parts of central-east India and analytical studies on its mobilizationCurr Sci86190197Google Scholar
  36. Peterson, PJ, Girling, CA, Benson, LM, Zeive, R. 1981Effect of Heavy Metals Pollution on PlantsApplied Science PublishersLondon299Google Scholar
  37. Rahman, M, Tondel, M, Ahmed, SA, Alexson, O. 1998Diabetes mellitus associated with arsenic exposure in BangladeshAm J Epidem148198203Google Scholar
  38. Roychowdhury, T, Uchino, T, Tokunaga, H, Ando, M. 2002Arsenic and other heavy metals in soil from an arsenic-effected area of West Bengal, IndiaChemosphere49605618CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Roychowdhury, T, Tokunaga, H, Ando, M. 2003Survey of arsenic and other heavy metals in food composites and drinking water and estimation of dietary intake by the villagers from an arsenic-affected area of west Bengal, IndiaSci Total Environ3081535CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. SAIL, Plants and Units, Bhilai Steel Plant, http://www.sail.co.in/plants/bhilai.htm.Google Scholar
  41. Shraim, A, Sekaran, CN, Anuradha, CD, Hirano, S. 2002Speciation of arsenic in tube-well water samples collected from West Bengal, India by high performance liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrophotometryAppl Organometal Chem16202209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. WHO. 1999 Arsenic in Drinking Water, Geneva, 210.Google Scholar
  43. Williams, M, Fordyce, F, Paijitprapapon, A, Charoenchaisri, P. 1996Arsenic contamination in surface drainage and groundwater in the part of the southeast Asian tin belt, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, Southern ThailandEnviron Geol271633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wilson, FH, Hawkins, DM. 1978Arsenic in streams, stream sediments and groundwater, Fairbanks area, AlaskaEnviron Geol2195202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wu, MM, Kuo, TL, Hwang, YH, Chen, CJ. 1989Dose response relation between arsenic concentration in well water and mortality from cancers and vascular diseasesAm J Epidem13011231131Google Scholar
  46. Yinlong J. 2001 Proceedings of the 1st international workshop on arsenic of drinking water in South Asia and China, Tokyo, Japan: National Institute Environmental Studies, R-166-2001, 35 pp.Google Scholar
  47. Zhang, H, Ma, DS, Mu, XX. 2002Arsenic pollution in ground water from Hetao area, ChinaEnviron Geol41638643CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. S. Patel
    • 1
  • K. Shrivas
    • 1
  • R. Brandt
    • 2
  • N. Jakubowski
    • 2
  • W. Corns
    • 3
  • P. Hoffmann
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Studies in ChemistryPt. Ravishankar Shukla UniversityRaipurIndia
  2. 2.Institute for Analytical SciencesDortmundGermany
  3. 3.PS Analytical LtdOrpingtonUK
  4. 4.Chemical Analytics, Department of Materials and Earth SciencesDarmstadt Technical UniversityDarmstadtGermany

Personalised recommendations